Low power stretchable active-matrix red, green, blue (RGB) electrochromic device array of poly(3-methylthiophene)/Prussian blue

Dong Sik Kim, Heun Park, Soo Yeong Hong, Junyeong Yun, Geumbee Lee, Jin Ho Lee, Lianfang Sun, Goangseup Zi, Jeong Sook Ha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report the fabrication of a stretchable array of active-matrix (AM) electrochromic devices (ECDs). The ECD is made of poly(3-methylthiophene) and Prussian blue electrodes with a mixed gel electrolyte of acetonitrile, poly(methyl methacrylate), propylene carbonate, and lithium perchlorate. The ECD displays can express red, green, or blue (RGB) depending on the applied voltage and has a high stability in air. It exhibits low power consumption levels of 331 and 378 μW cm−2 (10 s duration) at −1.0 and 1.0 V, respectively, and a high coloration efficiency of 201.6 cm2 C−1 at 1.0 V. A 4 × 4 AM ECD array is integrated on a deformable Ecoflex substrate via a dry transfer method using patterned liquid metal interconnections. The display shows a mechanical stability under bending and biaxial stretching by 30%. Finite element method analysis of the strain distribution also confirms that strain is not applied to the ECDs, guaranteeing stable operation of the array under deformation. Furthermore, a stretchable 6 × 6 AM ECD array for higher resolution display also exhibits mechanical stability under 30% biaxial stretching. This work demonstrates the high potential of our stretchable ECD array in low power-consuming displays for stretchable electronics, wearable devices, and electronic skin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-308
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume471
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 31

Fingerprint

Electrochromic devices
Display devices
Mechanical stability
Stretching
Polymethyl Methacrylate
poly(3-methylthiophene)
ferric ferrocyanide
Acetonitrile
Polymethyl methacrylates
Liquid metals
Electrolytes
Propylene
Carbonates
Skin
Lithium
Electric power utilization
Gels
Finite element method
Fabrication
Electrodes

Keywords

  • Active-matrix display
  • Electrochromic device
  • Poly(3-methylthiophene)
  • Prussian blue
  • Stretchable electronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Low power stretchable active-matrix red, green, blue (RGB) electrochromic device array of poly(3-methylthiophene)/Prussian blue. / Kim, Dong Sik; Park, Heun; Hong, Soo Yeong; Yun, Junyeong; Lee, Geumbee; Lee, Jin Ho; Sun, Lianfang; Zi, Goangseup; Ha, Jeong Sook.

In: Applied Surface Science, Vol. 471, 31.03.2019, p. 300-308.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Dong Sik ; Park, Heun ; Hong, Soo Yeong ; Yun, Junyeong ; Lee, Geumbee ; Lee, Jin Ho ; Sun, Lianfang ; Zi, Goangseup ; Ha, Jeong Sook. / Low power stretchable active-matrix red, green, blue (RGB) electrochromic device array of poly(3-methylthiophene)/Prussian blue. In: Applied Surface Science. 2019 ; Vol. 471. pp. 300-308.
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abstract = "We report the fabrication of a stretchable array of active-matrix (AM) electrochromic devices (ECDs). The ECD is made of poly(3-methylthiophene) and Prussian blue electrodes with a mixed gel electrolyte of acetonitrile, poly(methyl methacrylate), propylene carbonate, and lithium perchlorate. The ECD displays can express red, green, or blue (RGB) depending on the applied voltage and has a high stability in air. It exhibits low power consumption levels of 331 and 378 μW cm−2 (10 s duration) at −1.0 and 1.0 V, respectively, and a high coloration efficiency of 201.6 cm2 C−1 at 1.0 V. A 4 × 4 AM ECD array is integrated on a deformable Ecoflex substrate via a dry transfer method using patterned liquid metal interconnections. The display shows a mechanical stability under bending and biaxial stretching by 30{\%}. Finite element method analysis of the strain distribution also confirms that strain is not applied to the ECDs, guaranteeing stable operation of the array under deformation. Furthermore, a stretchable 6 × 6 AM ECD array for higher resolution display also exhibits mechanical stability under 30{\%} biaxial stretching. This work demonstrates the high potential of our stretchable ECD array in low power-consuming displays for stretchable electronics, wearable devices, and electronic skin.",
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AB - We report the fabrication of a stretchable array of active-matrix (AM) electrochromic devices (ECDs). The ECD is made of poly(3-methylthiophene) and Prussian blue electrodes with a mixed gel electrolyte of acetonitrile, poly(methyl methacrylate), propylene carbonate, and lithium perchlorate. The ECD displays can express red, green, or blue (RGB) depending on the applied voltage and has a high stability in air. It exhibits low power consumption levels of 331 and 378 μW cm−2 (10 s duration) at −1.0 and 1.0 V, respectively, and a high coloration efficiency of 201.6 cm2 C−1 at 1.0 V. A 4 × 4 AM ECD array is integrated on a deformable Ecoflex substrate via a dry transfer method using patterned liquid metal interconnections. The display shows a mechanical stability under bending and biaxial stretching by 30%. Finite element method analysis of the strain distribution also confirms that strain is not applied to the ECDs, guaranteeing stable operation of the array under deformation. Furthermore, a stretchable 6 × 6 AM ECD array for higher resolution display also exhibits mechanical stability under 30% biaxial stretching. This work demonstrates the high potential of our stretchable ECD array in low power-consuming displays for stretchable electronics, wearable devices, and electronic skin.

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