Low-temperature Sintering of B2O3-added Ba(Mg 1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics

Jong Bong Lim, Jin Ok Son, Sahn Nahm, Woo Sung Lee, Myong Jae Yoo, Nam Gi Gang, Hwack Joo Lee, Young Sik Kim

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Abstract

The sintering temperature of Ba(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O 3 (BMN) ceramic is about 1450°C. When B2O3 was added, BMN sintered at 900°C and it had a 1:2 ordered hexagonal structure. A liquid phase, which could be responsible for the decrease in sintering temperature, was observed in B2O3-added BMN. Mg4Nb2O9 and Ba2B2O 5 second phases were found in the specimens and the Ba 2B2O5 second phase might be related to the liquid phase. The dielectric constant (εr) and Q value increased with increasing sintering temperature and it is due to the increase in bulk density. However, they decreased with increasing B2O3 content, which can be explained by the existence of the second phases. Good microwave dielectric properties of Q × f = 8500 GHz, εr = 27.5 and temperature coefficient of resonance frequency (τf) = 27.0 ppm/°C were obtained for BMN with 2.0 mol% B2O3 sintered at 930°C for 2 h.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5388-5391
Number of pages4
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Volume43
Issue number8 A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Aug 1

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sintering
Sintering
ceramics
liquid phases
Temperature
temperature
Liquids
Dielectric properties
dielectric properties
Permittivity
Microwaves
permittivity
microwaves
coefficients

Keywords

  • BO LTCC microwave dielectric properties
  • Ba(MgNb)O

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Low-temperature Sintering of B2O3-added Ba(Mg 1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics. / Lim, Jong Bong; Son, Jin Ok; Nahm, Sahn; Lee, Woo Sung; Yoo, Myong Jae; Gang, Nam Gi; Lee, Hwack Joo; Kim, Young Sik.

In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers, Vol. 43, No. 8 A, 01.08.2004, p. 5388-5391.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lim, Jong Bong ; Son, Jin Ok ; Nahm, Sahn ; Lee, Woo Sung ; Yoo, Myong Jae ; Gang, Nam Gi ; Lee, Hwack Joo ; Kim, Young Sik. / Low-temperature Sintering of B2O3-added Ba(Mg 1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics. In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers. 2004 ; Vol. 43, No. 8 A. pp. 5388-5391.
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N2 - The sintering temperature of Ba(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O 3 (BMN) ceramic is about 1450°C. When B2O3 was added, BMN sintered at 900°C and it had a 1:2 ordered hexagonal structure. A liquid phase, which could be responsible for the decrease in sintering temperature, was observed in B2O3-added BMN. Mg4Nb2O9 and Ba2B2O 5 second phases were found in the specimens and the Ba 2B2O5 second phase might be related to the liquid phase. The dielectric constant (εr) and Q value increased with increasing sintering temperature and it is due to the increase in bulk density. However, they decreased with increasing B2O3 content, which can be explained by the existence of the second phases. Good microwave dielectric properties of Q × f = 8500 GHz, εr = 27.5 and temperature coefficient of resonance frequency (τf) = 27.0 ppm/°C were obtained for BMN with 2.0 mol% B2O3 sintered at 930°C for 2 h.

AB - The sintering temperature of Ba(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O 3 (BMN) ceramic is about 1450°C. When B2O3 was added, BMN sintered at 900°C and it had a 1:2 ordered hexagonal structure. A liquid phase, which could be responsible for the decrease in sintering temperature, was observed in B2O3-added BMN. Mg4Nb2O9 and Ba2B2O 5 second phases were found in the specimens and the Ba 2B2O5 second phase might be related to the liquid phase. The dielectric constant (εr) and Q value increased with increasing sintering temperature and it is due to the increase in bulk density. However, they decreased with increasing B2O3 content, which can be explained by the existence of the second phases. Good microwave dielectric properties of Q × f = 8500 GHz, εr = 27.5 and temperature coefficient of resonance frequency (τf) = 27.0 ppm/°C were obtained for BMN with 2.0 mol% B2O3 sintered at 930°C for 2 h.

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