Major Complications after Radio-frequency Thermal Ablation of Hepatic Tumors: Spectrum of Imaging Findings

Hyunchul Rhim, Kwon Ha Yoon, Jeong Min Lee, Yoonkoo Cho, June Sik Cho, Seung Hoon Kim, Won Jae Lee, Hyo Keun Lim, Gyoung Jin Nam, Sang Suk Han, Yun Hwan Kim, Cheol Min Park, Pyo Nyun Kim, Jae Young Byun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

254 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although radio-frequency (RF) ablation has been accepted as a promising and safe technique for treatment of unresectable hepatic tumors, investigation of its complications has been limited. According to the multicenter (1,139 patients in 11 institutions) survey data of the Korean Study Group of Radiofrequency Ablation, a spectrum of complications occurred after RF ablation of hepatic tumors. The prevalence of major complications was 2.43%. The most common complications were hepatic abscess (0.66%), peritoneal hemorrhage (0.46%), biloma (0.20%), ground pad burn (0.20%), pneumothorax (0.20%), and vasovagal reflex (0.13%). Other complications were biliary stricture, diaphragmatic injury, gastric ulcer, hemothorax, hepatic failure, hepatic infarction, renal infarction, sepsis, and transient ischemic attack. One procedure-related death (0.09%) occurred (due to peritoneal hemorrhage). Three important strategies for decreasing the rate of complications are prevention, early detection, and proper management. A physician who performs RF ablation of hepatic malignancies should be aware of the broad spectrum of major complications so that these strategies can be used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-134
Number of pages12
JournalRadiographics
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Radio
Hot Temperature
Liver
Infarction
Neoplasms
Hemorrhage
Hemothorax
Liver Abscess
Transient Ischemic Attack
Liver Failure
Pneumothorax
Stomach Ulcer
Reflex
Sepsis
Pathologic Constriction
Physicians
Kidney
Wounds and Injuries
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Interventional procedures, complications, 761.1269
  • Liver neoplasms, therapy, 761.1269, 761.30
  • Liver, interventional procedures, 761.1269
  • Radiofrequency (RF) ablation, 761.1269

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Rhim, H., Yoon, K. H., Lee, J. M., Cho, Y., Cho, J. S., Kim, S. H., ... Byun, J. Y. (2003). Major Complications after Radio-frequency Thermal Ablation of Hepatic Tumors: Spectrum of Imaging Findings. Radiographics, 23(1), 123-134. https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.231025054

Major Complications after Radio-frequency Thermal Ablation of Hepatic Tumors : Spectrum of Imaging Findings. / Rhim, Hyunchul; Yoon, Kwon Ha; Lee, Jeong Min; Cho, Yoonkoo; Cho, June Sik; Kim, Seung Hoon; Lee, Won Jae; Lim, Hyo Keun; Nam, Gyoung Jin; Han, Sang Suk; Kim, Yun Hwan; Park, Cheol Min; Kim, Pyo Nyun; Byun, Jae Young.

In: Radiographics, Vol. 23, No. 1, 01.01.2003, p. 123-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rhim, H, Yoon, KH, Lee, JM, Cho, Y, Cho, JS, Kim, SH, Lee, WJ, Lim, HK, Nam, GJ, Han, SS, Kim, YH, Park, CM, Kim, PN & Byun, JY 2003, 'Major Complications after Radio-frequency Thermal Ablation of Hepatic Tumors: Spectrum of Imaging Findings', Radiographics, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 123-134. https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.231025054
Rhim, Hyunchul ; Yoon, Kwon Ha ; Lee, Jeong Min ; Cho, Yoonkoo ; Cho, June Sik ; Kim, Seung Hoon ; Lee, Won Jae ; Lim, Hyo Keun ; Nam, Gyoung Jin ; Han, Sang Suk ; Kim, Yun Hwan ; Park, Cheol Min ; Kim, Pyo Nyun ; Byun, Jae Young. / Major Complications after Radio-frequency Thermal Ablation of Hepatic Tumors : Spectrum of Imaging Findings. In: Radiographics. 2003 ; Vol. 23, No. 1. pp. 123-134.
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