Current ASCCP guidelines recommend repeat cytology 12 months after HPV-positive results in women aged 21–24 years with either atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) or a low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL). The purpose of this study was to validate an algorithm in such women with ASCUS or LSIL. A multicenter cross-sectional study was carried out at three academic hospitals involving 40,847 Korean women who underwent cervical cancer screening with cytology and HPV testing with or without subsequent colposcopic biopsies between January 2007 and December 2013. Among a total of 3,193 women with available histopathology data, 762 women with ASCUS and 758 with LSIL were HPV-positive. Among HPV-positive women with ASCUS, 38.5% of women aged 21–24 years had ≥CIN2, compared to 20.8% of women aged 30–65 years and 21.1% of the total women. Among HPV-positive women with LSIL, 25.8% aged 21–24 years had ≥CIN2, compared to 21.2% of women aged 30–65 years and 21.9% of the total women. In HPV-positive women with ASCUS/LSIL aged less than 25 years, the prevalence of ≥CIN2 lesions was 34.5%, which was significantly higher than that (21.0%) in women aged ≥25 years. The risk of ≥CIN2 lesions in HPV-positive Korean women aged 21–24 years with ASCUS or LSIL was not lower than that in older women. Colposcopic examination should be considered for management of HPV-positive young women with ASCUS or LSIL. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2016;44:959–963.
- human papillomavirus
- Papanicolaou test
- young women
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine