Mass transfer analysis for CO2 bubble absorption in methanol/Al2O3 nanoabsorbents

Israel Torres Pineda, Dongmin Kim, Yong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis is carried out to investigate CO2 bubble absorption characteristics in methanol/Al₂O3 nanoabsorbents. Bubble size, rising velocity and mass transfer rate are compared to the previous experimental results for validation. It is found that the distance traveled for each CO2 bubble increases as the concentration of Al2O3 increases, which, in consequence, increases the residence time between liquid and gas phases resulting in higher interfacial mass transfer rates. For the case of a bubble rising in the gap between walls, the wall shear stress has a major effect on the bubble diameter and rising velocity which in consequence affects the mass transfer coefficient. It is concluded that the mass transfer coefficient enhances by about 40% by adding Al₂O3 nanoparticles (0.01 vol%) compared with pure methanol absorbent from the experimental and simulation results. It is also concluded that the use of nanoparticles has a higher impact on mass transfer rate than it does on mass transfer amount, which depends on the residence time and travel distance of CO2 bubbles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1295-1303
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

mass transfer
Methanol
bubbles
Mass transfer
methyl alcohol
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
absorbents
coefficients
computational fluid dynamics
Dynamic analysis
travel
shear stress
Shear stress
Computational fluid dynamics
liquid phases
Gases
vapor phases
Liquids
simulation

Keywords

  • CO bubble absorption
  • Mass transfer coefficient
  • Mass transfer coefficient
  • Methanol/Al₂O, nanoabsorbents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Mass transfer analysis for CO2 bubble absorption in methanol/Al2O3 nanoabsorbents. / Torres Pineda, Israel; Kim, Dongmin; Kang, Yong Tae.

In: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 114, 2017, p. 1295-1303.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "In this paper computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis is carried out to investigate CO2 bubble absorption characteristics in methanol/Al₂O3 nanoabsorbents. Bubble size, rising velocity and mass transfer rate are compared to the previous experimental results for validation. It is found that the distance traveled for each CO2 bubble increases as the concentration of Al2O3 increases, which, in consequence, increases the residence time between liquid and gas phases resulting in higher interfacial mass transfer rates. For the case of a bubble rising in the gap between walls, the wall shear stress has a major effect on the bubble diameter and rising velocity which in consequence affects the mass transfer coefficient. It is concluded that the mass transfer coefficient enhances by about 40{\%} by adding Al₂O3 nanoparticles (0.01 vol{\%}) compared with pure methanol absorbent from the experimental and simulation results. It is also concluded that the use of nanoparticles has a higher impact on mass transfer rate than it does on mass transfer amount, which depends on the residence time and travel distance of CO2 bubbles.",
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AU - Kim, Dongmin

AU - Kang, Yong Tae

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N2 - In this paper computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis is carried out to investigate CO2 bubble absorption characteristics in methanol/Al₂O3 nanoabsorbents. Bubble size, rising velocity and mass transfer rate are compared to the previous experimental results for validation. It is found that the distance traveled for each CO2 bubble increases as the concentration of Al2O3 increases, which, in consequence, increases the residence time between liquid and gas phases resulting in higher interfacial mass transfer rates. For the case of a bubble rising in the gap between walls, the wall shear stress has a major effect on the bubble diameter and rising velocity which in consequence affects the mass transfer coefficient. It is concluded that the mass transfer coefficient enhances by about 40% by adding Al₂O3 nanoparticles (0.01 vol%) compared with pure methanol absorbent from the experimental and simulation results. It is also concluded that the use of nanoparticles has a higher impact on mass transfer rate than it does on mass transfer amount, which depends on the residence time and travel distance of CO2 bubbles.

AB - In this paper computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis is carried out to investigate CO2 bubble absorption characteristics in methanol/Al₂O3 nanoabsorbents. Bubble size, rising velocity and mass transfer rate are compared to the previous experimental results for validation. It is found that the distance traveled for each CO2 bubble increases as the concentration of Al2O3 increases, which, in consequence, increases the residence time between liquid and gas phases resulting in higher interfacial mass transfer rates. For the case of a bubble rising in the gap between walls, the wall shear stress has a major effect on the bubble diameter and rising velocity which in consequence affects the mass transfer coefficient. It is concluded that the mass transfer coefficient enhances by about 40% by adding Al₂O3 nanoparticles (0.01 vol%) compared with pure methanol absorbent from the experimental and simulation results. It is also concluded that the use of nanoparticles has a higher impact on mass transfer rate than it does on mass transfer amount, which depends on the residence time and travel distance of CO2 bubbles.

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