Mass transfer characteristics for CO2 absorption in nanoabsorbents

Lirong Li, Hwan Suk Lim, Yong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, an improved VOF-PLIC model is developed to simulate 3D bubble behavior and to analyze the mass transfer characteristics for CO2 absorption in pure methanol and methanol with Al2O3 nanoparticles. The lower bound boundary value of CO2 volume fraction(αg) is redefined according to the influence of αg on bubble shape and diameter as well as the interfacial area between gas and liquid. In addition, a reasonable drag force is added into the momentum equation using UDF code based on the assumption that the drag force only exists in liquid phase. It is found that the level lines of bubbles with the αg value of 0.05 agree well with the real case, and the drag force has significant influence on the bubble behavior and mass transfer characteristics. The velocity contours and pressure gradients around the bubble are proposed to analyze the influence of drag force on the mass transfer characteristics. Also, the influence of the Al2O3 nanoparticles on the mass transfer enhancement is studied, and the results show that the dispersed particles can significantly enhance the mass transfer by increasing the gas–liquid interfacial surface renewal frequency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)650-659
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume129
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 1

Keywords

  • AlO nanoparticles
  • Bubble behavior visualization
  • CO absorption
  • Drag force
  • Mass transfer enhancement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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