Mass transfer performance enhancement by nanoabsorbents during CO 2 absorption process

Seonggon Kim, Ronghuan Xu, Wonhyeok Lee, Yong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A fluid in which nano-sized particles are dispersed is called nanofluids. It has been actively studied in the field of heat and mass transfer because of its attractive thermophysical properties. Since methanol is mainly used as a physical CO 2 absorbent, methanol-based nanofluids (nanoabsorbents) are tested for mass transfer performance enhancement. Al 2 O 3 and SiO 2 nanopowders are used, and the nanoabsorbents are manufactured by the ultrasonication method. Thermal conductivity (0.005–1.0 vol%, 24–40 °C), viscosity (0.005–1.0 vol%, 20 °C), surface tension (0.005–0.1 vol%, 20 °C) and average cluster size (0.005–1.0 vol%, 20 °C) are measured to analyze the combined heat and mass transfer and the dispersion characteristics of the nanofluids. Also, the mass transfer characteristics between CO 2 and nanoabsorbents is evaluated using the Schlieren visualization experiment. It is found that the thermal conductivity and viscosity of the nanoabsorbents increase with increasing the volume concentration of nanoparticles. At 1.0 vol%, the thermal conductivities of Al 2 O 3 /methanol and SiO 2 /methanol nanoabsorbents are 4.6% and 5.5% higher than that of pure methanol, respectively, while the viscosities are also increased by 21% and 11%, respectively. The average cluster sizes of Al 2 O 3 and SiO 2 nanoabsorbents are not vary depending on the volume concentration, and they range 267–288 nm and 496–507 nm, respectively. It is concluded that the mass diffusivities of nanoabsorbents are significantly higher than that of pure methanol, and the enhancement mechanism of mass transfer is newly proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume137
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 1

Fingerprint

Carbon Monoxide
mass transfer
Methanol
Mass transfer
methyl alcohol
augmentation
Thermal conductivity
thermal conductivity
Viscosity
viscosity
heat transfer
Heat transfer
thermophysical properties
absorbents
diffusivity
Surface tension
interfacial tension
Thermodynamic properties
Visualization
Nanoparticles

Keywords

  • Mass diffusivity
  • Mass transfer enhancement
  • Mass transfer visualization
  • Nanoabsorbents
  • Thermophysical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Mass transfer performance enhancement by nanoabsorbents during CO 2 absorption process . / Kim, Seonggon; Xu, Ronghuan; Lee, Wonhyeok; Kang, Yong Tae.

In: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 137, 01.07.2019, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "A fluid in which nano-sized particles are dispersed is called nanofluids. It has been actively studied in the field of heat and mass transfer because of its attractive thermophysical properties. Since methanol is mainly used as a physical CO 2 absorbent, methanol-based nanofluids (nanoabsorbents) are tested for mass transfer performance enhancement. Al 2 O 3 and SiO 2 nanopowders are used, and the nanoabsorbents are manufactured by the ultrasonication method. Thermal conductivity (0.005–1.0 vol{\%}, 24–40 °C), viscosity (0.005–1.0 vol{\%}, 20 °C), surface tension (0.005–0.1 vol{\%}, 20 °C) and average cluster size (0.005–1.0 vol{\%}, 20 °C) are measured to analyze the combined heat and mass transfer and the dispersion characteristics of the nanofluids. Also, the mass transfer characteristics between CO 2 and nanoabsorbents is evaluated using the Schlieren visualization experiment. It is found that the thermal conductivity and viscosity of the nanoabsorbents increase with increasing the volume concentration of nanoparticles. At 1.0 vol{\%}, the thermal conductivities of Al 2 O 3 /methanol and SiO 2 /methanol nanoabsorbents are 4.6{\%} and 5.5{\%} higher than that of pure methanol, respectively, while the viscosities are also increased by 21{\%} and 11{\%}, respectively. The average cluster sizes of Al 2 O 3 and SiO 2 nanoabsorbents are not vary depending on the volume concentration, and they range 267–288 nm and 496–507 nm, respectively. It is concluded that the mass diffusivities of nanoabsorbents are significantly higher than that of pure methanol, and the enhancement mechanism of mass transfer is newly proposed.",
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