Mass transfer performance enhancement by nanoemulsion absorbents during CO2 absorption process

Myunghwan Jeong, Jae Won Lee, Seung Joo Lee, Yong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, nanoemulsion absorbents (silicone oil/methanol) were manufactured by adding nano-size oil to absorbents for CO2 absorption performance enhancement. To evaluate the dispersion stability of the nanoemulsion, oil droplet size measurement, turbidity measurement, and Tyndall effect visualization experiments were conducted. The effect of the ratio and concentration of oil and surfactants on the mass transfer enhancement was evaluated through thermal conductivity measurement using the transient hot wire method and the visualization analysis of CO2 bubble absorption. The oil (silicone) and surfactant ratio of 2:1 was found to be the optimum condition through the results of dispersion stability analysis. In the CO2 bubble absorption results obtained through the visualization analysis, the nanoemulsion with 0.01 vol% oil concentration showed the most significant absorption performance improvement. It was found that nano-size oil dispersion contributed to mass transfer enhancement, which was caused by the convective motion of nano-size oil droplets, not by enhanced thermal conductivity. Finally, the mechanisms of mass transfer enhancement by nanoemulsions are proposed, and it is concluded that the CO2 absorption performance is enhanced by the shuttle effect and the hydrodynamic effect by the nanoemulsion absorbents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)680-690
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume108
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 1

Keywords

  • CO absorption
  • Dispersion stability
  • Mass transfer enhancement
  • Nanoemulsion absorbents
  • Silicone oil
  • Surfactants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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