Heteroatom-containing spiropolymers were constructed in a facile manner by a catalyst-free multicomponent spiropolymerization route. P1a2b as the most potent of these spiropolymers, demonstrates cluster-triggered emission resulting from strong interactions with the MDM2 protein. By preventing the anti-apoptotic p53/MDM2 interaction, P1a2b triggers apoptosis in cancerous cells, while demonstrating a good biocompatibility and non-toxicity in non-cancerous cells. The combined results from solution and cell-based cluster-triggered emission studies, docking, protein expression experiments and cytotoxicity data strongly support the MDM2-binding hypothesis and indicate a potential application as a fluorescent cancer marker as well as therapeutic for this spiropolymer.
- MDM2 inhibitor
- cell apoptosis
- clusterization-triggered emission
ASJC Scopus subject areas