Measuring the environmental burden of disease in South Korea: A population-based study

Seok-Jun Yoon, Hyeong Su Kim, Jongsik Ha, Eun Jung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This study attempted to measure the environmental burden of disease by examining mortality and disability rates in South Korea, permitting international comparisons. Methods: Disability-adjusted life years (DALY) was used to analyze data from public records. Years of life lost (YLL) and years lost to disability (YLD) were measured in terms of incidence rate and number of deaths. Attributable risks were based on those for WHO Western Pacific Regions. For air pollution, attributable risk was calculated using local PM10 levels and relative risk. Results: The total Korean environmental burden of disease was 17.98 per 1000 persons and the most serious risk factor was air pollution, at 6.89per1000 persons. Occupation was the second highest contributing factor, at 3.29 per 1000 persons, followed by indoor air pollution at 2.91 per 1000 persons. The DALY of air-pollution (indoor and outdoor) was 9.80 per 1000 persons, accounting for more than half of the total environmental burden of disease. The burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, and asthma were 4.07, 3.16, and 1.96 per 1000 persons, respectively. Conclusions: Respiratory illnesses comprised most of the disease burden, the majority of which was linked to air pollution. The present results are important as they could be used to make evidence-based decisions regarding the management of diseases and environmental-risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7938-7948
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 13

Fingerprint

Republic of Korea
Air Pollution
Population
Indoor Air Pollution
Quality-Adjusted Life Years
Mortality
Disease Management
Occupations
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Lung Neoplasms
Asthma
Incidence

Keywords

  • DALY
  • Environmental burden of disease
  • Environmental disease
  • Environmental risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Measuring the environmental burden of disease in South Korea : A population-based study. / Yoon, Seok-Jun; Kim, Hyeong Su; Ha, Jongsik; Kim, Eun Jung.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 12, No. 7, 13.07.2015, p. 7938-7948.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{846e293cf22f478b9b9fd2fb39974811,
title = "Measuring the environmental burden of disease in South Korea: A population-based study",
abstract = "Background: This study attempted to measure the environmental burden of disease by examining mortality and disability rates in South Korea, permitting international comparisons. Methods: Disability-adjusted life years (DALY) was used to analyze data from public records. Years of life lost (YLL) and years lost to disability (YLD) were measured in terms of incidence rate and number of deaths. Attributable risks were based on those for WHO Western Pacific Regions. For air pollution, attributable risk was calculated using local PM10 levels and relative risk. Results: The total Korean environmental burden of disease was 17.98 per 1000 persons and the most serious risk factor was air pollution, at 6.89per1000 persons. Occupation was the second highest contributing factor, at 3.29 per 1000 persons, followed by indoor air pollution at 2.91 per 1000 persons. The DALY of air-pollution (indoor and outdoor) was 9.80 per 1000 persons, accounting for more than half of the total environmental burden of disease. The burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, and asthma were 4.07, 3.16, and 1.96 per 1000 persons, respectively. Conclusions: Respiratory illnesses comprised most of the disease burden, the majority of which was linked to air pollution. The present results are important as they could be used to make evidence-based decisions regarding the management of diseases and environmental-risk factors.",
keywords = "DALY, Environmental burden of disease, Environmental disease, Environmental risk factors",
author = "Seok-Jun Yoon and Kim, {Hyeong Su} and Jongsik Ha and Kim, {Eun Jung}",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "13",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph120707938",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "7938--7948",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1661-7827",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measuring the environmental burden of disease in South Korea

T2 - A population-based study

AU - Yoon, Seok-Jun

AU - Kim, Hyeong Su

AU - Ha, Jongsik

AU - Kim, Eun Jung

PY - 2015/7/13

Y1 - 2015/7/13

N2 - Background: This study attempted to measure the environmental burden of disease by examining mortality and disability rates in South Korea, permitting international comparisons. Methods: Disability-adjusted life years (DALY) was used to analyze data from public records. Years of life lost (YLL) and years lost to disability (YLD) were measured in terms of incidence rate and number of deaths. Attributable risks were based on those for WHO Western Pacific Regions. For air pollution, attributable risk was calculated using local PM10 levels and relative risk. Results: The total Korean environmental burden of disease was 17.98 per 1000 persons and the most serious risk factor was air pollution, at 6.89per1000 persons. Occupation was the second highest contributing factor, at 3.29 per 1000 persons, followed by indoor air pollution at 2.91 per 1000 persons. The DALY of air-pollution (indoor and outdoor) was 9.80 per 1000 persons, accounting for more than half of the total environmental burden of disease. The burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, and asthma were 4.07, 3.16, and 1.96 per 1000 persons, respectively. Conclusions: Respiratory illnesses comprised most of the disease burden, the majority of which was linked to air pollution. The present results are important as they could be used to make evidence-based decisions regarding the management of diseases and environmental-risk factors.

AB - Background: This study attempted to measure the environmental burden of disease by examining mortality and disability rates in South Korea, permitting international comparisons. Methods: Disability-adjusted life years (DALY) was used to analyze data from public records. Years of life lost (YLL) and years lost to disability (YLD) were measured in terms of incidence rate and number of deaths. Attributable risks were based on those for WHO Western Pacific Regions. For air pollution, attributable risk was calculated using local PM10 levels and relative risk. Results: The total Korean environmental burden of disease was 17.98 per 1000 persons and the most serious risk factor was air pollution, at 6.89per1000 persons. Occupation was the second highest contributing factor, at 3.29 per 1000 persons, followed by indoor air pollution at 2.91 per 1000 persons. The DALY of air-pollution (indoor and outdoor) was 9.80 per 1000 persons, accounting for more than half of the total environmental burden of disease. The burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, and asthma were 4.07, 3.16, and 1.96 per 1000 persons, respectively. Conclusions: Respiratory illnesses comprised most of the disease burden, the majority of which was linked to air pollution. The present results are important as they could be used to make evidence-based decisions regarding the management of diseases and environmental-risk factors.

KW - DALY

KW - Environmental burden of disease

KW - Environmental disease

KW - Environmental risk factors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84937468096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84937468096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph120707938

DO - 10.3390/ijerph120707938

M3 - Article

C2 - 26184265

AN - SCOPUS:84937468096

VL - 12

SP - 7938

EP - 7948

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1661-7827

IS - 7

ER -