Mechanical, morphological, and thermal properties of rigid polyurethane foams blown by distilled water

W. J. Seo, H. C. Jung, J. C. Hyun, W. N. Kim, Y. B. Lee, K. H. Choe, S. B. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rigid polyurethane foams (PUFs) were prepared from polymer 4,4′-diphenylmethane diisocyanate (PMDI), polyether polyol, 1,4-butanediol, silicone surfactant, and distilled water. The properties of the synthesized PUF samples were investigated with differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy, and a Universal testing machine. The density of the PUF was decreased from 173.7 to 41.7 kg/m3 with an increase in distilled water from 0.5 to 3.0 parts per hundred polyol by weight (php), respectively, with 0 php butanediol. The cell size of the PUF sample increased from 115 to 258 μm with an increase in distilled water from 0.5 to 3.0 php, respectively, with 10 php butanediol. From the results of the thermal analysis of the PUF sample, it was found that the glass-transition temperatures of the PUF samples were increased from 49.5 to 80.8°C with an increase in distilled water from 0.5 to 3.0 php, respectively, with 0 php butanediol. The results of the investigation of the mechanical properties of the PUF samples showed that the mechanical strength of the PUF samples was increased with the distilled water at equal density. The surfactant effect on the properties of the PUF was studied, and it was observed that the cell size of the PUF samples decreased from 360 to 146 μm with an increase in surfactant from 0 to 0.33 php, respectively. However, the cell size did not change significantly when the surfactant exceeded 0.33 php. The increase of the mechanical strength from 0 to 0.33 php surfactant was attributed to the decrease of the cell size of the PUF samples, and the decrease of the mechanical strength with more than 0.33 php surfactant might be due to the plasticized effect of the PUF samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-21
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Oct 3

Keywords

  • Density
  • Glass-transition temperature
  • Mechanical property
  • Morphology
  • Rigid polyurethane foam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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