보육교사의 문화적 공감과 문화적 역량에 대한 다문화 효능감의 매개효과와 조절효과

Translated title of the contribution: Mediating and moderating effects of multicultural efficacy in the relationship between cultural empathy and cultural competence in child care teachers

Won-Oak Oh, Il Tae Park, Minju Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: This study examined the mediating and moderating effects of multicultural efficacy in the relationship between cultural empathy and cultural competence in child care teachers. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey design was used. The participants were 277 child care teachers at private and public daycare centers in G and S districts of Seoul. The survey instruments included a cultural empathy questionnaire, a multicultural efficacy scale, and a cultural competence scale. Data were analyzed using the SPSS and AMOS programs. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, correlation, and mediating and moderating effect analyses were performed. Bootstrapping was implemented to verify the mediating effect of the model developed herein. Results: Positive correlations among cultural empathy, multicultural efficacy, and cultural competence were noted. Multicultural efficacy showed a significant mediating effect on the relationships between cultural empathy and cultural competence. However, there was no moderating effect. Conclusion: In order to enhance the cultural competence of child care teachers, it is necessary to develop a strategy that can promote their cultural empathy and multicultural efficacy. Furthermore, these results will ultimately enhance the role of child care teachers, thus contributing to the normal growth and development of multicultural children.

Original languageKorean
Pages (from-to)214-222
Number of pages9
JournalChild Health Nursing Research
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 1

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Cultural Competency
Child Care
Growth and Development
Cross-Sectional Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pediatrics

Cite this

보육교사의 문화적 공감과 문화적 역량에 대한 다문화 효능감의 매개효과와 조절효과. / Oh, Won-Oak; Park, Il Tae; Song, Minju.

In: Child Health Nursing Research, Vol. 25, No. 2, 01.04.2019, p. 214-222.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Purpose: This study examined the mediating and moderating effects of multicultural efficacy in the relationship between cultural empathy and cultural competence in child care teachers. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey design was used. The participants were 277 child care teachers at private and public daycare centers in G and S districts of Seoul. The survey instruments included a cultural empathy questionnaire, a multicultural efficacy scale, and a cultural competence scale. Data were analyzed using the SPSS and AMOS programs. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, correlation, and mediating and moderating effect analyses were performed. Bootstrapping was implemented to verify the mediating effect of the model developed herein. Results: Positive correlations among cultural empathy, multicultural efficacy, and cultural competence were noted. Multicultural efficacy showed a significant mediating effect on the relationships between cultural empathy and cultural competence. However, there was no moderating effect. Conclusion: In order to enhance the cultural competence of child care teachers, it is necessary to develop a strategy that can promote their cultural empathy and multicultural efficacy. Furthermore, these results will ultimately enhance the role of child care teachers, thus contributing to the normal growth and development of multicultural children.",
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