Meltblown fiber mats and their tensile strength

S. Sinha-Ray, Alexander Yarin, B. Pourdeyhimi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present work deals with an experimental and theoretical study of the tensile properties of meltblown fiber mats at the elastic and plastic stages of deformation up to the ultimate catastrophic failure of material. The meltblown nonwoven mats were subjected to uniaxial loading and their stress-strain dependences were measured using a 100 N capacity Instron machine (model 5942R). This revealed the dependences of Young's modulus and the hardening parameter on strain. These dependences are linked to the micromechanical behavior of individual fibers and fiber-fiber junctions. The proposed theoretical model described the experimental stress-strain dependences accounting for both factors: (i) the strength-hardening related to unraveling of polymer macromolecules in individual fibers, and (ii) opening of microcracks with increasing strain/stress in the fiber-fiber junctions and individual fibers, which results in a decrease in effective elastic moduli. The model is also capable of describing stress-strain dependence of individual fibers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4241-4247
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer (United Kingdom)
Volume55
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 5

Fingerprint

Tensile strength
Fibers
Hardening
Elastic moduli
Microcracks
Macromolecules
Tensile properties
Polymers
Plastics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Meltblown fiber mats and their tensile strength. / Sinha-Ray, S.; Yarin, Alexander; Pourdeyhimi, B.

In: Polymer (United Kingdom), Vol. 55, No. 16, 05.08.2014, p. 4241-4247.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sinha-Ray, S, Yarin, A & Pourdeyhimi, B 2014, 'Meltblown fiber mats and their tensile strength', Polymer (United Kingdom), vol. 55, no. 16, pp. 4241-4247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2014.05.025
Sinha-Ray, S. ; Yarin, Alexander ; Pourdeyhimi, B. / Meltblown fiber mats and their tensile strength. In: Polymer (United Kingdom). 2014 ; Vol. 55, No. 16. pp. 4241-4247.
@article{2b2def3cbc984c02b86eee8bb7675e63,
title = "Meltblown fiber mats and their tensile strength",
abstract = "The present work deals with an experimental and theoretical study of the tensile properties of meltblown fiber mats at the elastic and plastic stages of deformation up to the ultimate catastrophic failure of material. The meltblown nonwoven mats were subjected to uniaxial loading and their stress-strain dependences were measured using a 100 N capacity Instron machine (model 5942R). This revealed the dependences of Young's modulus and the hardening parameter on strain. These dependences are linked to the micromechanical behavior of individual fibers and fiber-fiber junctions. The proposed theoretical model described the experimental stress-strain dependences accounting for both factors: (i) the strength-hardening related to unraveling of polymer macromolecules in individual fibers, and (ii) opening of microcracks with increasing strain/stress in the fiber-fiber junctions and individual fibers, which results in a decrease in effective elastic moduli. The model is also capable of describing stress-strain dependence of individual fibers.",
keywords = "Meltblown fiber, Strain hardening, Tensile strength",
author = "S. Sinha-Ray and Alexander Yarin and B. Pourdeyhimi",
year = "2014",
month = "8",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.polymer.2014.05.025",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "4241--4247",
journal = "Polymer (United Kingdom)",
issn = "0032-3861",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "16",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Meltblown fiber mats and their tensile strength

AU - Sinha-Ray, S.

AU - Yarin, Alexander

AU - Pourdeyhimi, B.

PY - 2014/8/5

Y1 - 2014/8/5

N2 - The present work deals with an experimental and theoretical study of the tensile properties of meltblown fiber mats at the elastic and plastic stages of deformation up to the ultimate catastrophic failure of material. The meltblown nonwoven mats were subjected to uniaxial loading and their stress-strain dependences were measured using a 100 N capacity Instron machine (model 5942R). This revealed the dependences of Young's modulus and the hardening parameter on strain. These dependences are linked to the micromechanical behavior of individual fibers and fiber-fiber junctions. The proposed theoretical model described the experimental stress-strain dependences accounting for both factors: (i) the strength-hardening related to unraveling of polymer macromolecules in individual fibers, and (ii) opening of microcracks with increasing strain/stress in the fiber-fiber junctions and individual fibers, which results in a decrease in effective elastic moduli. The model is also capable of describing stress-strain dependence of individual fibers.

AB - The present work deals with an experimental and theoretical study of the tensile properties of meltblown fiber mats at the elastic and plastic stages of deformation up to the ultimate catastrophic failure of material. The meltblown nonwoven mats were subjected to uniaxial loading and their stress-strain dependences were measured using a 100 N capacity Instron machine (model 5942R). This revealed the dependences of Young's modulus and the hardening parameter on strain. These dependences are linked to the micromechanical behavior of individual fibers and fiber-fiber junctions. The proposed theoretical model described the experimental stress-strain dependences accounting for both factors: (i) the strength-hardening related to unraveling of polymer macromolecules in individual fibers, and (ii) opening of microcracks with increasing strain/stress in the fiber-fiber junctions and individual fibers, which results in a decrease in effective elastic moduli. The model is also capable of describing stress-strain dependence of individual fibers.

KW - Meltblown fiber

KW - Strain hardening

KW - Tensile strength

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84905466341&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84905466341&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.polymer.2014.05.025

DO - 10.1016/j.polymer.2014.05.025

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84905466341

VL - 55

SP - 4241

EP - 4247

JO - Polymer (United Kingdom)

JF - Polymer (United Kingdom)

SN - 0032-3861

IS - 16

ER -