Recently, we demonstrated that the mammalian type-l GnRH receptor (GnRHR) has a high preference for the phospholipase C/protein kinase C (PLC/PKC)-linked signaling pathway, whereas non-mammalian bullfrog (bf) GnRHRs couple to both adenylate cyclase/protein kinase A (AC/PKA)- and PLC/PKC-linked signaling pathways. In the present study, using AC/PKA-specific reporter (cAMP-responsive element-luciferase) and PLC/ PKC-specific reporter (serum-responsive element-luciferase) systems, we attempted to identify the motif responsible for this difference. A deletion of the intracellular carboxyl-terminal tail (C tail) of bfGnRHR-1 remarkably decreased its ability to induce the AC/PKA-linked signaling pathway. Further dissection of the C tail indicated that an HFRK motif in the membrane-proximal sequence of bfGnRHR-1 C tail is a minimal requirement for the AC/PKA-linked signaling pathway as the addition of this motif to rat GnRHR or deletion of it from bfGnRHR-1 significantly affected the ability to induce the AC/PKA-linked signaling pathway. Deletion or addition of the HFRK motif, however, did not critically influence the PLC/PKC-linked signaling pathway. These results indicate that the HFRK motif in the membrane-proximal region confers the differential signal transduction pathways between mammalian and nonmammalian GnRHRs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology