NE trending granitoid batholiths in South Korea are part of the huge Phanerozoic granitoid belt in east Asia. The crystallization ages of granitoid plutons show three episodes of Mesozoic magmatism in South Korea: Triassic (248-210 Ma), Jurassic (197-158 Ma), and Late Cretaceous - early Tertiary (110-50 Ma), with a Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous (∼50 m.y.) hiatus. The granitoid ages and kinematic analyses of the Mesozoic structures in South Korea suggest that the Middle Jurassic (180-170 Ma) dextral strike-slip ductile shear zones formed by the northwest (orthogonal) subduction of the Izanagi plate, whereas the Cretaceous sinistral faults formed by the northward (oblique) subduction of the same plate, which generally agree with proposed reconstruction of plate motions, albeit uncertain, around east Asia. Among the models proposed to explain magmatic lull in a continental arc, shallow angle subduction associated with high convergence rate and subduction of oceanic plateaus might be the probable cause for the magmatic hiatus in South Korea and Japan. The huge width (∼500 km) of the east Asian granitoid belt may be explained by oceanward retreat of subduction zone in the Cretaceous in association with change in the movement direction of the subducting plate.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geochemistry and Petrology