Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether functional mannose-binding lectin gene (MBL) polymorphisms are associated with the susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS).
Methods: A meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the potential association of RA or pSS with MBL polymorphisms, including the codon 54 (allele B), codon 57 (allele C), and codon 52 (allele D) variants of exon 1, and the − 550 (allele L) and − 221 (allele X) promoter variants.
Results: A total of 12 comparative studies, including eight RA (1623 patients and 1671 controls) and four pSS (280 patients and 516 controls) studies, were included in the meta-analysis. The meta-analysis revealed no association between the MBL B allele and RA in the overall study population (odds ratio [OR] 0.991, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.726–1.355, p = 0.957). However, the meta-analysis showed significant associations between the MBL D, H, and X alleles and RA in the overall population (OR 1.708, 95 % CI 1.077–2.707, p = 0.023; OR 1.936, 95 % CI 1.218–3.078, p = 0.005; OR 1.582, 95 % CI 1.216–2.057, p = 0.001, respectively). An association was found between the MBL B allele and pSS in the overall study population (OR 0.691, 95 % CI 0.541–0.917, p = 0.010). Stratification by ethnicity indicated a trend toward an association between the B allele and pSS in European populations, but no association in Asian populations (OR 0.689, 95 % CI 0.465–1.021, p = 0.063; OR 0.896, 95 % CI 0.311–2.562, p = 0.838, respectively).
Conclusion: This meta-analysis demonstrated an association between the MBL D, L, and X alleles and the risk of RA. It also demonstrated an association between the MBL B allele and the susceptibility to pSS, suggesting a protective role of the MBL B allele against the development of pSS.
- Complement system proteins
- Mannose-binding lectin gene
- Promoter regions, genetic
- Variant alleles
ASJC Scopus subject areas