Metagenomes reveal microbial structures, functional potentials, and biofouling-related genes in a membrane bioreactor

Jinxing Ma, Zhiwei Wang, Huan Li, Hee-Deung Park, Zhichao Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Metagenomic sequencing was used to investigate the microbial structures, functional potentials, and biofouling-related genes in a membrane bioreactor (MBR). The results showed that the microbial community in the MBR was highly diverse. Notably, function analysis of the dominant genera indicated that common genes from different phylotypes were identified for important functional potentials with the observation of variation of abundances of genes in a certain taxon (e.g., Dechloromonas). Despite maintaining similar metabolic functional potentials with a parallel full-scale conventional activated sludge (CAS) system due to treating the identical wastewater, the MBR had more abundant nitrification-related bacteria and coding genes of ammonia monooxygenase, which could well explain its excellent ammonia removal in the low-temperature period. Furthermore, according to quantification of the genes involved in exopolysaccharide and extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) protein metabolism, the MBR did not show a much different potential in producing EPS compared to the CAS system, and bacteria from the membrane biofilm had lower abundances of genes associated with EPS biosynthesis and transport compared to the activated sludge in the MBR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016 Jan 27

Keywords

  • Functional potentials
  • Membrane bioreactor (MBR)
  • Membrane fouling
  • Metagenome
  • Nitrification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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