Metamorphosis in carbon network

From penta-graphene to biphenylene under uniaxial tension

Obaidur Rahaman, Bohayra Mortazavi, Arezoo Dianat, Gianaurelio Cuniberti, Timon Rabczuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The power of polymorphism in carbon is vividly manifested by the numerous applications of carbon-based nano-materials. Ranging from environmental issues to biomedical applications, it has the potential to address many of today's dire problems. However, an understanding of the mechanism of transformation between carbon allotropes at a microscopic level is crucial for its development into highly desirable materials. In this work we report such a phase transformation between two carbon allotropes, from penta-graphene (a semiconductor) into biphenylene (a metal) under uniaxial loading. Using density functional theory we demonstrated that the phase transformation occurs through a synchronized reorganization of the carbon atoms with a simultaneous drop in energy. The results of this work confirms that penta-graphene is a meta-stable structure. On the other hand, a rigorous analysis of biphenylene suggests that it is an energetically, mechanically, dynamically and thermally stable structure, both in the form of a sheet and a tube. Its electronic structure suggests that it is metallic in both these forms. Therefore, this work unravels the possibility of phase transition in 2-D carbon systems and thereby designing nano-materials capable of altering their properties in an instant. Furthermore, heating biphenylene sheet at a high temperature (5000 K) revealed another phase transformation into a more stable hexa-graphene like structure. This proposes thermal annealing as a possible method of synthesizing one 2-D carbon allotrope from another.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-73
Number of pages9
JournalFlatChem
Volume1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Graphite
Graphene
Carbon
Phase transitions
Polymorphism
Electronic structure
Density functional theory
Metals
Annealing
Semiconductor materials
Heating
Atoms

Keywords

  • Density functional theory
  • Mechanical properties
  • Phase transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Metamorphosis in carbon network : From penta-graphene to biphenylene under uniaxial tension. / Rahaman, Obaidur; Mortazavi, Bohayra; Dianat, Arezoo; Cuniberti, Gianaurelio; Rabczuk, Timon.

In: FlatChem, Vol. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 65-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rahaman, O, Mortazavi, B, Dianat, A, Cuniberti, G & Rabczuk, T 2017, 'Metamorphosis in carbon network: From penta-graphene to biphenylene under uniaxial tension', FlatChem, vol. 1, pp. 65-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flatc.2016.12.001
Rahaman, Obaidur ; Mortazavi, Bohayra ; Dianat, Arezoo ; Cuniberti, Gianaurelio ; Rabczuk, Timon. / Metamorphosis in carbon network : From penta-graphene to biphenylene under uniaxial tension. In: FlatChem. 2017 ; Vol. 1. pp. 65-73.
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