Meteorological factors and air pollutants contributing to seasonal variation of acute exacerbation of atrial fibrillation: A population-based study

Jinhee Ahn, Taewoong Uhm, Junhee Han, Kyung Mi Won, Jeong Cheon Choe, Ji Yeon Shin, Jin Sup Park, Hye Won Lee, Jun Hyok Oh, Jung Hyun Choi, Han Cheol Lee, Kwang Soo Cha, Taek Jong Hong, Young Hoon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: We investigated seasonal variation of acute exacerbation of atrial fibrillation (AAF) and contributing environmental factors. Methods: AAF events, meteorological elements, and air pollutants in Seoul between 2013 and 2015 were obtained from the nationwide database. AAF was defined if a patient visited the emergency room due to any AF-relevant symptoms or signs. Results: AAF occurred less frequently in summer than in other seasons (6.71 vs 7.25 events/d, P ¼ 0.005). AAF tended to decrease with an increase of air temperature (r ¼ –0.058). Among air pollutants, NO 2 was significantly lower in summer and positively correlated with AAF after adjusting for other variables (b ¼ 3.197). Conclusions: The rate of AAF events was the lowest in summer; air temperature and NO 2 were contributing factors. The weather and environmental conditions should be considered as risk factors of AAF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1082-1086
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume60
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Exacerbation
  • Meteorology
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Ahn, J., Uhm, T., Han, J., Won, K. M., Choe, J. C., Shin, J. Y., Park, J. S., Lee, H. W., Oh, J. H., Choi, J. H., Lee, H. C., Cha, K. S., Hong, T. J., & Kim, Y. H. (2018). Meteorological factors and air pollutants contributing to seasonal variation of acute exacerbation of atrial fibrillation: A population-based study. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60(12), 1082-1086. https://doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001449