Microbe-mediated control of mycotoxigenic grain fungi in stored rice with focus on aflatoxin biodegradation and biosynthesis inhibition

Mohamed Mannaa, Ki Deok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rice contaminated with fungal species during storage is not only of poor quality and low economic value, but may also have harmful effects on human and animal health. The predominant fungal species isolated from rice grains during storage belong to the genera Aspergillus and Penicillium. Some of these fungal species produce mycotoxins; they are responsible for adverse health effects in humans and animals, particularly Aspergillus flavus, which produces the extremely carcinogenic aflatoxins. Not surprisingly, there have been numerous attempts to devise safety procedure for the control of such harmful fungi and production of mycotoxins, including aflatoxins. This review provides information about fungal and mycotoxin contamination of stored rice grains, and microbe-based (biological) strategies to control grain fungi and mycotoxins. The latter will include information regarding attempts undertaken for mycotoxin (especially aflatoxin) bio-detoxification and microbial interference with the aflatoxin-biosynthetic pathway in the toxin-producing fungi.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-78
Number of pages12
JournalMycobiology
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Aflatoxins
Mycotoxins
stored grain
biodegradation
aflatoxins
mycotoxins
Fungi
biosynthesis
microorganisms
fungi
rice
Aspergillus flavus
animal and human health
Penicillium
Biosynthetic Pathways
Health
Aspergillus
economic valuation
biochemical pathways
toxins

Keywords

  • Aflatoxin
  • Biodegradation
  • Biological control
  • Grain mold
  • Mycotoxin
  • Rice grain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Microbe-mediated control of mycotoxigenic grain fungi in stored rice with focus on aflatoxin biodegradation and biosynthesis inhibition. / Mannaa, Mohamed; Kim, Ki Deok.

In: Mycobiology, Vol. 44, No. 2, 2016, p. 67-78.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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