Microstructural evolution of liquid metal embrittlement in resistance-spot-welded galvanized TWinning-Induced Plasticity (TWIP) steel sheets

Hyungsoo Lee, Min Chul Jo, Seok S Sohn, Sang Heon Kim, Taejin Song, Sung Kyu Kim, Hyoung Seop Kim, Nack J. Kim, Sunghak Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The weldability is one of the key factors governing applications of TWinning-Induced Plasticity (TWIP) steels to automotive industries demanding high economy, environmental friendliness, and high performance. During spot welding of Zn-coated Al-containing TWIP steel sheets, liquid metal embrittlement (LME) frequently occurs by Zn infiltration into grain boundaries to form cracks, but the direct observation and detailed analysis of LME cracking are quite difficult because it occurs instantaneously within a second. Here in the present study, the LME was investigated by detailed microstructural evolutions of small Zn infiltrations or cracks as well as formation behavior of various intermetallic phases. In the heat-affected zone, the applied tensile stress and spot-welding heat tore down a diffusion-inhibiting Fe 2 Al 5 layer formed between the Zn-coated layer and the TWIP steel substrate, and formed Zn-containing ferrite (α-Fe(Zn)) particles on the steel surface which provided paths for liquid Zn infiltration. α-Fe(Zn) particles played critical roles in accelerating the LME by reducing the ductility because they were brittle due to high contents of Zn and Al. In the present Al-containing TWIP steels, the increase in welding current generally aggravates the LME.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-241
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Characterization
Volume147
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Galvanized TWinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steel
  • Liquid metal embrittlement
  • Liquid Zn infiltration
  • Resistance spot welding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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