Grant-free (GF) access has been one of the enablers for the various use cases in 5th generation (5G) mobile system, especially for time-critical massive machine-type communication (mMTC). However, these use cases have diverse quality of service (QoS) requirements, which can be measured in terms of an access success rate from a GF random access perspective. Consequently, a GF scheme that enables supporting of diverse QoS is highly sought. This article proposes a GF access scheme in which high-QoS users superpose multiple preambles to improve their access success rate as a result of the diversity in access collision and multiple access interference seen by multiple preambles. We further show that in the presence of multiple antennas in the base station (BS), a low-complexity receiver can correctly detect active preambles with a significantly high probability, even under severe multiple access interference caused by non-orthogonal preamble transmission. A theoritical performance analysis is conducted by modeling the preamble reception as a multiple measurement vector-based compressive sensing problem. The preamble misdetection probability is shown to decrease exponentially as the number antennas at BS increases. Numerical results demonstrate multiple-order improvement in terms of the access success rate for critical-QoS users, even under severe noise and multiple access contamination.
- Grant-free access
- non-orthogonal Zadoff-Chu sequences
- quality-of-services (QoS)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering