Mineral identification and field application by short wave infrared (SWIR) spectroscopy

Chang Seong Kim, Yong Hwi Kim, Seon-Gyu Choi, Kwang Beom Ko, Kyeongsoo Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The analytical conditions including surface state, moisture effect, and device condition were investigated for applying Short Wave Infrared(SWIR) spectroscopy to the field survey. Among the three surface state of samples (exposed surface, cutting face and powder), both spectra from the exposed surface and cutting face are almost identical whereas spectral variation was detected in powder sample. Over 24-hours-dryring of the wet sample at room temperature, the samples show a similar spectrum with that of dry condition. The result suggests that outcrop samples mighty be dried for 24 ∼ 48 hours depending on the wetness of outcrop. The bright minerals could produce stable spectra with 10 times measurements as default value of the device under SWIR spectroscopy but the dark minerals would require about 10 seconds, which corresponds to 100 times measurements to get the reliable spectra. The position and shape 2,160 ∼ 2,330 nm and/or other spectral features of hydrothermal alteration minerals by SWIR spectroscopy could be used for a classification of hydrothermal alteration zone in the field. Absorption peaks in 2,160 ∼ 2180 nm are useful for identifying (advanced) argillic zone by spectral characteristics of kaoline, dickite, pyrophyllite, and alunite. Absorption peaks in 2,180 ∼ 2,230 nm are able to define muscovite, sericite, and smectite, which are key alteration minerals in phyllic zone. Absorption peaks in 2,230 ∼ 2,270 nm can be used to recognize prophylitic zone where chlorite and epidote occur. Absorption peaks of other principle minerals such as talc, serpentine, amphibole, and carbonate group are mainly detected within the wave length of 2,270 ∼ 2,330 nm. This result indicates that the spectra of these minerals need to be carefully interpreted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalEconomic and Environmental Geology
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Hydrothermal alteration zone
  • Mineral identification
  • Moisture effect
  • Short wave infrared (SWIR)
  • Surface state effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Economic Geology
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Mineral identification and field application by short wave infrared (SWIR) spectroscopy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this