Knots are commonly found in molecular chains such as DNA and proteins, and they have been considered to be useful models for structural analysis of these molecules. One interested quantity is the minimum number of monomers necessary to realize a molecular knot. The minimum lattice length Len(K) of a knot K indicates the minimum length necessary to construct K in the cubic lattice. Another important quantity in physical knot theory is the ropelength which is one of the knot energies measuring the complexity of knot conformation. The minimum ropelength Rop(K) is the minimum length of an ideally flexible rope necessary to tie a given knot K. Much effort has been invested in the research project for finding upper bounds on both quantities in terms of the minimum crossing number c(K) of the knot. It is known that Len(K) and Rop(K) lie between O(c(K)3/4) and O(c(K)[ln(c(K))]5), but unknown yet whether any family of knots has superlinear growth. In this paper, we focus on 2-bridge knots and links. Linear growth upper bounds on the minimum lattice length and minimum ropelength for nontrivial 2-bridge knots or links are presented as Len(K) ≤ 8c(K) + 2 and Rop(K) ≤ 11.39c(K) + 12.37.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics