Mitigating early-age cracking in thin UHPFRC precast concrete products using shrinkage-reducing admixtures

Doo Yeol Yoo, Nemkumar Banthia, Young Soo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates the effects of shrinkage-reducing admixture (SRA) and cover depth on the shrinkage and surface-cracking behaviors of ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) slabs. Three different SRA'to'cement weight ratios of 0%, 1%, and 2%, and three different cover depths, 5, 10, and 20 mm (0.2, 0.4, and 0.8 in.), were considered using nine UHPFRC slabs with steel reinforcing bars. Three more unreinforced UHPFRC slabs with three different SRA ratios and four different depths were also fabricated for the comparisons. The use of SRA exhibited better behavior with regard to the decrease of shrinkage, maximum evaporation rate, and maximum surface-crack width. In addition, the application of a larger cover depth was favorable because it caused a lower degree of restraint, leading to a lower cracking potential and a higher surface-cracking resistance. Finally, the minimum required cover depth of the UHPFRC slab is suggested to be 1.3 times larger than the diameter of the upper steel reinforcing bar in order to prevent surface cracking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-50
Number of pages12
JournalPCI Journal
Volume61
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Concrete products
Precast concrete
Reinforced concrete
Concrete slabs
Fibers
Steel
Cements
Evaporation
Cracks

Keywords

  • Cover depth
  • Degree of restraint
  • Shrinkage-reducing admixture
  • Slab
  • Surface cracking
  • Ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Mitigating early-age cracking in thin UHPFRC precast concrete products using shrinkage-reducing admixtures. / Yoo, Doo Yeol; Banthia, Nemkumar; Yoon, Young Soo.

In: PCI Journal, Vol. 61, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 39-50.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f61de657b97d4dc88c436aaba3392761,
title = "Mitigating early-age cracking in thin UHPFRC precast concrete products using shrinkage-reducing admixtures",
abstract = "This study investigates the effects of shrinkage-reducing admixture (SRA) and cover depth on the shrinkage and surface-cracking behaviors of ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) slabs. Three different SRA'to'cement weight ratios of 0{\%}, 1{\%}, and 2{\%}, and three different cover depths, 5, 10, and 20 mm (0.2, 0.4, and 0.8 in.), were considered using nine UHPFRC slabs with steel reinforcing bars. Three more unreinforced UHPFRC slabs with three different SRA ratios and four different depths were also fabricated for the comparisons. The use of SRA exhibited better behavior with regard to the decrease of shrinkage, maximum evaporation rate, and maximum surface-crack width. In addition, the application of a larger cover depth was favorable because it caused a lower degree of restraint, leading to a lower cracking potential and a higher surface-cracking resistance. Finally, the minimum required cover depth of the UHPFRC slab is suggested to be 1.3 times larger than the diameter of the upper steel reinforcing bar in order to prevent surface cracking.",
keywords = "Cover depth, Degree of restraint, Shrinkage-reducing admixture, Slab, Surface cracking, Ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete",
author = "Yoo, {Doo Yeol} and Nemkumar Banthia and Yoon, {Young Soo}",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "39--50",
journal = "Journal of the Prestressed Concrete Institute",
issn = "0887-9672",
publisher = "Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mitigating early-age cracking in thin UHPFRC precast concrete products using shrinkage-reducing admixtures

AU - Yoo, Doo Yeol

AU - Banthia, Nemkumar

AU - Yoon, Young Soo

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - This study investigates the effects of shrinkage-reducing admixture (SRA) and cover depth on the shrinkage and surface-cracking behaviors of ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) slabs. Three different SRA'to'cement weight ratios of 0%, 1%, and 2%, and three different cover depths, 5, 10, and 20 mm (0.2, 0.4, and 0.8 in.), were considered using nine UHPFRC slabs with steel reinforcing bars. Three more unreinforced UHPFRC slabs with three different SRA ratios and four different depths were also fabricated for the comparisons. The use of SRA exhibited better behavior with regard to the decrease of shrinkage, maximum evaporation rate, and maximum surface-crack width. In addition, the application of a larger cover depth was favorable because it caused a lower degree of restraint, leading to a lower cracking potential and a higher surface-cracking resistance. Finally, the minimum required cover depth of the UHPFRC slab is suggested to be 1.3 times larger than the diameter of the upper steel reinforcing bar in order to prevent surface cracking.

AB - This study investigates the effects of shrinkage-reducing admixture (SRA) and cover depth on the shrinkage and surface-cracking behaviors of ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) slabs. Three different SRA'to'cement weight ratios of 0%, 1%, and 2%, and three different cover depths, 5, 10, and 20 mm (0.2, 0.4, and 0.8 in.), were considered using nine UHPFRC slabs with steel reinforcing bars. Three more unreinforced UHPFRC slabs with three different SRA ratios and four different depths were also fabricated for the comparisons. The use of SRA exhibited better behavior with regard to the decrease of shrinkage, maximum evaporation rate, and maximum surface-crack width. In addition, the application of a larger cover depth was favorable because it caused a lower degree of restraint, leading to a lower cracking potential and a higher surface-cracking resistance. Finally, the minimum required cover depth of the UHPFRC slab is suggested to be 1.3 times larger than the diameter of the upper steel reinforcing bar in order to prevent surface cracking.

KW - Cover depth

KW - Degree of restraint

KW - Shrinkage-reducing admixture

KW - Slab

KW - Surface cracking

KW - Ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84958267529&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84958267529&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 61

SP - 39

EP - 50

JO - Journal of the Prestressed Concrete Institute

JF - Journal of the Prestressed Concrete Institute

SN - 0887-9672

IS - 1

ER -