Mixotrophic Cultivation of a Native Cyanobacterium,Pseudanabaenamucicola GO0704, to Produce Phycobiliprotein and Biodiesel

Shin Myung Kim, Eun Hee Bae, Jee Young Kim, Jae Shin Kang, Yoon E. Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Global warming has accelerated in recent decades due to the continuous consumption of petroleum-based fuels. Cyanobacteria-derived biofuels are a promising carbon-neutral alternative to fossil fuels that may help achieve a cleaner environment. Here, we propose an effective strategy based on the large-scale cultivation of a newly isolated cyanobacterial strain to produce phycobiliprotein and biodiesel, thus demonstrating the potential commercial applicability of the isolated microalgal strain. A native cyanobacterium was isolated from Goryeong, Korea, and identified as Pseudanabaena mucicola GO0704 through 16s RNA analysis. The potential exploitation of P. mucicola GO0704 was explored by analyzing several parameters for mixotrophic culture, and optimal growth was achieved through the addition of sodium acetate (1 g/l) to the BG-11 medium. Next, the cultures were scaled up to a stirred-tank bioreactor in mixotrophic conditions to maximize the productivity of biomass and metabolites. The biomass, phycobiliprotein, and fatty acids concentrations in sodium acetate-treated cells were enhanced, and the highest biodiesel productivity (8.1 mg/l/d) was achieved at 96 h. Finally, the properties of the fuel derived from P. mucicola GO0704 were estimated with converted biodiesels according to the composition of fatty acids. Most of the characteristics of the final product, except for the cloud point, were compliant with international biodiesel standards [ASTM 6761 (US) and EN 14214 (Europe)].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1325-1334
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of microbiology and biotechnology
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Oct 28

Keywords

  • Biofuel
  • biodiesel quality
  • cyanobacteria
  • organic carbon sources
  • phycobiliprotein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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