To cluster or partition data/signal, expectation-and-maximisation or variational approximation with a mixture model (MM), which is a parametric probability density function represented as a weighted sum of K densities, is often used. However, model selection to find the underlying K is one of the key concerns in MMclustering, since the desired clusters can be obtained only when K is known. A new model selection algorithm to explore K in a Bayesian framework is proposed. The proposed algorithm builds the density of the model order which information criterion such as AIC and BIC or other heuristic algorithms basically fail to reconstruct. In addition, this algorithm reconstructs the density quickly as compared with the time-consuming Monte Carlo simulation using integrated nested Laplace approximation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering