Modeling and optimization of lipase-catalyzed esterification of policosanols with conjugated linoleic acid by response surface methodology

Tingting Zhao, Tae Yeoul Ha, Junsoo Lee, Byung Hee Kim, In-Hwan Kim

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2 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to model the lipase-catalyzed esterification of policosanols with conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in a solvent-free system to produce wax esters which had a lower melting point than that of their corresponding policosanol forms and to optimize the reaction conditions by response surface methodology (RSM). Novozym 435 was selected as a suitable biocatalyst for the reaction. The molar ratio of substrates (policosanols to CLA) was 1:2. A well-fitting quadratic polynomial regression model for the degree of esterification (DE) of policosanols with CLA was established with regard to temperature (35-65°C), enzyme loading (1-5% of weight of total substrates), and reaction time (10-50 min). Optimal reaction conditions were 61.3°C for temperature, 3.7% for enzyme loading, and 34.1 min for reaction time, and the DE was ̃ 95 mol% under these conditions. The policosanols and wax esters synthesized under optimal conditions had melting points of 79°C and 57°C, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-122
Number of pages9
JournalBiocatalysis and Biotransformation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr 1



  • Conjugated linoleic acid
  • Novozym 435
  • Policosanols
  • Response surface methodology
  • Wax ester

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Catalysis

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