Modeling denomination structures

Manjong Lee, Neil Wallace, Tao Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)


Previous work on the denomination structure of currency treats as exogenous the distribution of transactions and the denominations held by people. Here, by way of a matching model, both are endogenous. In the model, trades in pairwise meetings alternate in time with the opportunity to freely choose a portfolio of denominations and there is a trade-off between the benefits of small-denomination money for transacting and the costliness of carrying a large quantity of small-denomination money. For a given denomination structure, a monetary steady state is shown to exist. The model implies that too small denominations are abandoned.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)949-960
Number of pages12
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005 May 1



  • Currency
  • Denominations
  • Matching model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics (miscellaneous)
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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