Modeling of multiple crack initiation in polymer pipes under oxidative environment

Jung Wook Wee, Alexander Chudnovsky, Byoung Ho Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, a novel fundamental model for the multiple crack initiation behavior of polymer pipes transporting fluids with strong oxidizing agents was proposed. Because the oxidant diffuses into the polymer medium with consumption by oxidation, a volumetric sink of the diffused oxidant was considered. The degradation kinetics of the polymer pipes were modeled by diffusion using the reaction equations. To compare the released energy with the crack initiation, Green's function for the stress intensity factor of various crack numbers, sizes, and standard dimension ratios (SDRs) was developed. The number of crack initiations and durations were successfully simulated using potential energy analysis with cracking. At a relatively low internal pressure in an oxidative environment, multiple cracks were estimated with a proper scale of the crack length. Instead, it was predicted that one main crack would be initiated at a higher level of internal pressure. In addition, the knee points representing the slope change of the internal pressure-lifetime plot were shown between these different failure modes, in agreement with previous observations. The experimental results of sustained hydrostatic pressure tests of polymer pipes under chlorinated water can be accurately simulated by the proposed model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103686
JournalInternational Journal of Engineering Science
Volume176
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun 1

Keywords

  • Fracture energy
  • Green's function
  • Mechanochemical degradation
  • Multiple crack initiation
  • Oxygen diffusion
  • Polymer pipe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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