Modified full thickness graded blepharotomy for upper eyelid retraction associated with thyroid eye disease in east Asians

Joonsik Lee, Hwa Lee, Minsoo Park, Sehyun Baek

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose: To evaluate the functional and cosmetic outcomes of modified full thickness graded blepharotomy when used for East Asian patients with upper eyelid retraction of thyroid eye disease (TED). Method: Medical records of each patient who underwent modified fullthickness blepharotomy at Korea University Guro Hospitals from January 2009 to February 2014 to correct upper eyelid retraction resulting from TED were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Modified full-thickness graded blepharotomies were performed on 22 eyelids of 18 patients. The most common preoperative upper eyelid retractionassociated symptom was asymmetry of the upper eyelid (14 patients, 77.7%) followed by discomfort (10 patients, 55.5%), photophobia (5 patients, 27.7%), and epiphora (4 patients, 22.2%). Most preoperative symptoms improved after blepharotomy (Table 1). Preoperatively, upper eyelid retraction (MRD1;midpupil marginal reflex distance) ranged from 2.3 mm to 6.8 mm (mean, 5.23 ± 0.89) in 22 lids; postoperatively, lid retraction significantly decreased to 3.26 ± 1.23 mm (P = 0.03 by independent t test) (Table 2). Lid retraction was divided into 3 groups according to severity; a severe group (5 eyelids, 27.7%), amoderate group (14 eyelids, 63.6%), and a mild group (3 eyelids, 13.6%). The MRD1 improved regardless of severity (P = 0.03 in the severe group, P = 0.02 in the moderate group, and P = 0.04 in the mild group by independent t test). TheMRD1 improvement did not differ significantly among groups (P = 0.08 by Pearson χ2 t test). At 6 months postoperatively, the midpupil marginal reflex distance was the perfect height in 13 of 22 lids (59.0%), with a mean reduction of 3 mm, whereas 7 of 22 eyelids (31.8%) were at acceptable height and 2 eyelids (9.0%) showed failure. Overall, 18 eyelids (90.9%) exhibited objectively satisfactory results (perfect or acceptable) at 6 months after surgery (Table 3). Conclusions: Modified graded full thickness eyelid blepharotomy is a reliable and safe method for upper eyelid lengthening for East Asian patients with upper eyelid retraction of TED that offers excellent functional and cosmetic results.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)592-596
    Number of pages5
    JournalAnnals of Plastic Surgery
    Volume77
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 28

    Keywords

    • Modified graded blepharotomy
    • Thyroid eye disease
    • Upper lid retraction

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery

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