Modified patchwork algorithm: A novel audio watermarking scheme

In Kwon Yeo, Hyoung Joong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

149 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents the Modified Patchwork Algorithm (MPA), a statistical technique for audio watermarking algorithm in the transform (not only Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), but also DFT and DWT) domain. The MPA is an enhanced version of the conventional patchwork algorithm. The MPA is sufficiently robust to withstand some attacks defined by Secure Digital Music Initiative (SDMI). Experimental results show that the proposed watermarking algorithm is sustainable against compression algorithms such as MP3 and AAC, as well as common signal processing manipulation attacks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-386
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Speech and Audio Processing
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jul
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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