Molecular mechanisms and management of a cutaneous inflammatory disorder: Psoriasis

Yu Ri Woo, Dae Ho Cho, Hyun Jeong Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Psoriasis is a complex chronic inflammatory cutaneous disorder. To date, robust molecular mechanisms of psoriasis have been reported. Among diverse aberrant immunopathogenetic mechanisms, the current model emphasizes the role of Th1 and the IL-23/Th17 axis, skin-resident immune cells and major signal transduction pathways involved in psoriasis. The multiple genetic risk loci for psoriasis have been rapidly revealed with the advent of a novel technology. Moreover, identifying epigenetic modifications could bridge the gap between genetic and environmental risk factors in psoriasis. This review will provide a better understanding of the pathogenesis of psoriasis by unraveling the complicated interplay among immunological abnormalities, genetic risk foci, epigenetic modification and environmental factors of psoriasis. With advances in molecular biology, diverse new targets are under investigation to manage psoriasis. The recent advances in treatment modalities for psoriasis based on targeted molecules are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2684
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 11

Keywords

  • Biologics
  • Epigenetics
  • Genetics
  • Interleukin-23
  • Psoriasis
  • Signaling pathway
  • Small molecules
  • T helper 17 cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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