Monitoring of PCBs at facilities related with PCB-containing products and wastes in South Korea

Guang Zhu Jin, Ming Liang Fang, Jung Ho Kang, Hyokeun Park, Sang-Hyup Lee, Yoon Seok Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contents were analyzed in samples collected from facilities related to PCB-containing products or wastes in South Korea. Average concentrations of the atmospheric Σ 209 PCBs were 7420 (37.0-104,048)pgm -3 and 16.8 (ND-34.2)fgWHO-TEQm -3 in indoor air samples; and 1670 (106-13,382)pgm -3 and 5.64 (ND-36.0)fgWHO-TEQm -3 in outdoor air samples. The highest levels were observed in indoor air samples from disposal facilities (7336-104,048pgm -3), followed by production (330-25,057pgm -3), recycling, and storage facilities, indicating that PCB emissions from PCB-containing products and wastes remains very high and the facilities related with those may be an important source to atmospheric PCBs. Principal component analysis of PCB profiles showed that the homologue patterns of PCBs in outdoor and indoor air samples collected from the facilities were similar to those of boundary air samples and PCB commercial products, e.g. Aroclor 1016, 1221, 1232 and 1242. Evaluation of the PCB mass balance in a facility, dismantling and solvent-washing PCB-contaminated transformers, showed that of the total PCBs treated in this facility, approximately 0.0022% was emitted to the atmosphere, and most was transferred to waste oil for disposal by incineration or chemical methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-301
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume196
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov 30

Fingerprint

Waste Products
Republic of Korea
Polychlorinated Biphenyls
Polychlorinated biphenyls
PCB
Monitoring
monitoring
Air
indoor air
product
Incineration
Waste incineration
chemical method
Recycling
air
Principal Component Analysis
incineration
Atmosphere
Waste disposal
Washing

Keywords

  • Emission factor
  • Inventory
  • PCBs
  • South Korea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Monitoring of PCBs at facilities related with PCB-containing products and wastes in South Korea. / Jin, Guang Zhu; Fang, Ming Liang; Kang, Jung Ho; Park, Hyokeun; Lee, Sang-Hyup; Chang, Yoon Seok.

In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 196, 30.11.2011, p. 295-301.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jin, Guang Zhu ; Fang, Ming Liang ; Kang, Jung Ho ; Park, Hyokeun ; Lee, Sang-Hyup ; Chang, Yoon Seok. / Monitoring of PCBs at facilities related with PCB-containing products and wastes in South Korea. In: Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2011 ; Vol. 196. pp. 295-301.
@article{17ff739de6e84a98ad147ec067801bbf,
title = "Monitoring of PCBs at facilities related with PCB-containing products and wastes in South Korea",
abstract = "Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contents were analyzed in samples collected from facilities related to PCB-containing products or wastes in South Korea. Average concentrations of the atmospheric Σ 209 PCBs were 7420 (37.0-104,048)pgm -3 and 16.8 (ND-34.2)fgWHO-TEQm -3 in indoor air samples; and 1670 (106-13,382)pgm -3 and 5.64 (ND-36.0)fgWHO-TEQm -3 in outdoor air samples. The highest levels were observed in indoor air samples from disposal facilities (7336-104,048pgm -3), followed by production (330-25,057pgm -3), recycling, and storage facilities, indicating that PCB emissions from PCB-containing products and wastes remains very high and the facilities related with those may be an important source to atmospheric PCBs. Principal component analysis of PCB profiles showed that the homologue patterns of PCBs in outdoor and indoor air samples collected from the facilities were similar to those of boundary air samples and PCB commercial products, e.g. Aroclor 1016, 1221, 1232 and 1242. Evaluation of the PCB mass balance in a facility, dismantling and solvent-washing PCB-contaminated transformers, showed that of the total PCBs treated in this facility, approximately 0.0022{\%} was emitted to the atmosphere, and most was transferred to waste oil for disposal by incineration or chemical methods.",
keywords = "Emission factor, Inventory, PCBs, South Korea",
author = "Jin, {Guang Zhu} and Fang, {Ming Liang} and Kang, {Jung Ho} and Hyokeun Park and Sang-Hyup Lee and Chang, {Yoon Seok}",
year = "2011",
month = "11",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.09.030",
language = "English",
volume = "196",
pages = "295--301",
journal = "Journal of Hazardous Materials",
issn = "0304-3894",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Monitoring of PCBs at facilities related with PCB-containing products and wastes in South Korea

AU - Jin, Guang Zhu

AU - Fang, Ming Liang

AU - Kang, Jung Ho

AU - Park, Hyokeun

AU - Lee, Sang-Hyup

AU - Chang, Yoon Seok

PY - 2011/11/30

Y1 - 2011/11/30

N2 - Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contents were analyzed in samples collected from facilities related to PCB-containing products or wastes in South Korea. Average concentrations of the atmospheric Σ 209 PCBs were 7420 (37.0-104,048)pgm -3 and 16.8 (ND-34.2)fgWHO-TEQm -3 in indoor air samples; and 1670 (106-13,382)pgm -3 and 5.64 (ND-36.0)fgWHO-TEQm -3 in outdoor air samples. The highest levels were observed in indoor air samples from disposal facilities (7336-104,048pgm -3), followed by production (330-25,057pgm -3), recycling, and storage facilities, indicating that PCB emissions from PCB-containing products and wastes remains very high and the facilities related with those may be an important source to atmospheric PCBs. Principal component analysis of PCB profiles showed that the homologue patterns of PCBs in outdoor and indoor air samples collected from the facilities were similar to those of boundary air samples and PCB commercial products, e.g. Aroclor 1016, 1221, 1232 and 1242. Evaluation of the PCB mass balance in a facility, dismantling and solvent-washing PCB-contaminated transformers, showed that of the total PCBs treated in this facility, approximately 0.0022% was emitted to the atmosphere, and most was transferred to waste oil for disposal by incineration or chemical methods.

AB - Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contents were analyzed in samples collected from facilities related to PCB-containing products or wastes in South Korea. Average concentrations of the atmospheric Σ 209 PCBs were 7420 (37.0-104,048)pgm -3 and 16.8 (ND-34.2)fgWHO-TEQm -3 in indoor air samples; and 1670 (106-13,382)pgm -3 and 5.64 (ND-36.0)fgWHO-TEQm -3 in outdoor air samples. The highest levels were observed in indoor air samples from disposal facilities (7336-104,048pgm -3), followed by production (330-25,057pgm -3), recycling, and storage facilities, indicating that PCB emissions from PCB-containing products and wastes remains very high and the facilities related with those may be an important source to atmospheric PCBs. Principal component analysis of PCB profiles showed that the homologue patterns of PCBs in outdoor and indoor air samples collected from the facilities were similar to those of boundary air samples and PCB commercial products, e.g. Aroclor 1016, 1221, 1232 and 1242. Evaluation of the PCB mass balance in a facility, dismantling and solvent-washing PCB-contaminated transformers, showed that of the total PCBs treated in this facility, approximately 0.0022% was emitted to the atmosphere, and most was transferred to waste oil for disposal by incineration or chemical methods.

KW - Emission factor

KW - Inventory

KW - PCBs

KW - South Korea

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80455143579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80455143579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.09.030

DO - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.09.030

M3 - Article

VL - 196

SP - 295

EP - 301

JO - Journal of Hazardous Materials

JF - Journal of Hazardous Materials

SN - 0304-3894

ER -