Acquired drug-resistance phenotype is a key factor in the relapse of patients suffering hematological malignancies. In order to investigate the genes involved in drug resistance, a human leukemia cell line that is resistant to doxorubicin, an anthracycline anticancer agent (AML-2/DX100), was selected and its gene expression profile was analyzed using a cDNA microarray. A number of genes were differentially expressed in the AML-2/DX100 cells, compared with the wild type (AML-2/WT). Pro-apoptotic genes such as TNFSF7 and p21 (Cip1/Waf1) were significantly down-regulated, whereas the IKBKB, PCNA, stathmin 1, MCM5, MMP-2 and MRP1 genes, which are involved in anti-apoptotic or cell cycle progression, were over-expressed. The AML-2/DX100 cells were also resistant to other anticancer drugs, including daunorubicin and camptothecin, and the expression levels of the differentially regulated genes such as STMN1, MMP-2 and CTSG, were constantly maintained. This suggests that the deregulated genes obtained from the DNA microarray analysis in a cell line model of drug resistance might contribute to the acquired drug resistance after chronic exposure.
- DNA microarray
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)