Morphologies and electrochemical properties of 0.6Li2MnO 3·0.4LiCoO2 composite cathode powders prepared by spray pyrolysis

Min Ho Kim, Yun Chan Kang, Sang Mun Jeong, Yun Ju Choi, Yang Soo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanosized 0.6Li2MnO3·0.4LiCoO2 composite cathode powders are prepared by spray pyrolysis. The micron-sized composite powders are converted into nanosized powders by a simple milling process. The mean sizes of the composite powders measured from the TEM images increase from 20 to 170 nm when the post-treatment temperatures increase from 650 to 900 C. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface areas of the composite powders post-treated at 650 and 900 C are 24 and 3 m2 g-1, respectively. The XRD patterns indicate that the layered composite powders post-treated at 800 and 900 C have high crystallinity and low cation mixing. The mean crystallite sizes of the powders, measured from the (003) peak widths of the XRD patterns using Scherrer's equation, are 35 and 56 nm at post-treatment temperatures of 800 and 900 C, respectively. The initial discharge capacities of the 0.6Li2MnO3·0.4LiCoO2 composite are 262, 267, 264, and 263 mAh g-1 when the post-treat temperatures of the powders are 650, 700, 800, and 900 C, respectively. The discharge capacity of the composite powders post-treated at 900 C abruptly decreases from 263 to 214 mAh g-1 by the seventh cycle and then slowly decreases to 198 mAh g-1 with increasing cycle number, up to 30.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-444
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Volume142
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 15
Externally publishedYes

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Spray pyrolysis
Electrochemical properties
Powders
pyrolysis
sprayers
Cathodes
cathodes
composite materials
Composite materials
cycles
Crystallite size
Temperature
temperature
Cations
crystallinity
Positive ions
Transmission electron microscopy
cations
transmission electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Chemical synthesis
  • Composite materials
  • Electrochemical properties
  • Nanostructures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Morphologies and electrochemical properties of 0.6Li2MnO 3·0.4LiCoO2 composite cathode powders prepared by spray pyrolysis. / Kim, Min Ho; Kang, Yun Chan; Jeong, Sang Mun; Choi, Yun Ju; Kim, Yang Soo.

In: Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 142, No. 1, 15.10.2013, p. 438-444.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Nanosized 0.6Li2MnO3·0.4LiCoO2 composite cathode powders are prepared by spray pyrolysis. The micron-sized composite powders are converted into nanosized powders by a simple milling process. The mean sizes of the composite powders measured from the TEM images increase from 20 to 170 nm when the post-treatment temperatures increase from 650 to 900 C. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface areas of the composite powders post-treated at 650 and 900 C are 24 and 3 m2 g-1, respectively. The XRD patterns indicate that the layered composite powders post-treated at 800 and 900 C have high crystallinity and low cation mixing. The mean crystallite sizes of the powders, measured from the (003) peak widths of the XRD patterns using Scherrer's equation, are 35 and 56 nm at post-treatment temperatures of 800 and 900 C, respectively. The initial discharge capacities of the 0.6Li2MnO3·0.4LiCoO2 composite are 262, 267, 264, and 263 mAh g-1 when the post-treat temperatures of the powders are 650, 700, 800, and 900 C, respectively. The discharge capacity of the composite powders post-treated at 900 C abruptly decreases from 263 to 214 mAh g-1 by the seventh cycle and then slowly decreases to 198 mAh g-1 with increasing cycle number, up to 30.

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