The fabrication of biomimetic structures for tissues and organs is emerging in the fields of biomedical engineering and precision medicine. While current progress in biomedical research provides a number of biofabrication methods, the construction of multi-dimensional cardiac tissue is highly challenging due to difficulties in the maturation and synchronization of cardiomyocytes (CMs) in conjunction with other types of cells, such as myofibroblasts and endothelial cells. Here, we show a simple fabrication methodology to construct multi-dimensional cardiac macro tissue (mCMT) by layer-by-layer (LBL) deposition of cells on micro patterned PDMS. mCMTs formed by LBL deposition of pluripotent stem cell (PSC)-derived cardiomyocytes and cardiac fibroblasts formed 3D patterned structures with synchronized beating characteristics. We also demonstrate that cardiac maturation factors such as the gene expression of MLC2v and cTNI and formation of sarcomeres in mCMTs were significantly enhanced by LBL deposition and growth factors during the maturation process. Fabrication of matured mCMTs with synchronized beating enables providing an efficient platform for evaluating the efficacy and toxicity of drug candidates. These results have important implications because mCMTs are applicable to diversein vitrostudies and drug screening methods that require tissue-like structures and functions in a physiological environment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)