A DNA microarray chip for detecting the presence of specific bacterial strains was developed using random genomic probes derived from genomic DNA, i.e., without any sequence information. Thirteen bacteria from different genuses were selected as targets. For the fabrication of the random genomic probes, genomic DNA from pure cultures of each bacterium was fractionated using several pairs of restriction endonucleases. After size fractionation of the genomic DNA fragments, random genomic libraries for each bacterium were constructed. From the library, specific probes were amplified by PCR and the probes were affixed to a slide glass to fabricate the DNA microarray chip. The results from tests with pure and mixed cultures of the bacteria used in the fabrication of the chips showed specific responses and only a small portion of cross-hybridization. This DNA microarray chip was also tested to detect the presence of specific bacteria in mixed populations. In these tests, it was demonstrated that this system provided a fast and specific response to the presence of bacterial species in mixed samples, even in activated sludge samples. This indicates that any DNA microarray chip for the detection of specific bacteria can be fabricated using the same protocols as presented in this study without requiring any genus level sequence information from pure isolates.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry