Multiplex microfluidic system integrating sequential operations of microalgal lipid production

Ho Seok Kwak, Jaoon Young Hwan Kim, Sang Cheol Na, Noo Li Jeon, Sang Jun Sim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The unit cost for the production of algal biofuel needs to be reduced in order to be a substitute for fossil fuel. To achieve this goal, the development of a novel system is needed for a rapid screening of numerous microalgal species to isolate superior strains with the highest lipid productivity. Here, we developed a PDMS-based multiplex microfluidic system with eight chambers and micropillar arrays to expedite multiple steps for lipid sample preparation from different microalgal strains. We could rapidly and efficiently perform sequential operations from cell culture to lipid extraction of eight different microalgal strains simultaneously on a single device without harvesting and purification steps, which are labor- and energy-intensive, by the simple injection of medium and solvent into the central inlet due to the integrated micropillar arrays connecting the chambers and central inlet. The lipid extraction efficiency using this system was comparable (94.5-102.6%) to the conventional Bligh-Dyer method. We investigated the cell growth and lipid productivity of different strains using the microfluidic device. We observed that each strain has a different lipid accumulation pattern according to stress conditions. These results demonstrate that our multiplex microfluidic approach can provide an efficient analytical tool for the rapid analysis of strain performances (e.g. cell growth and lipid productivities) and the determination of the optimal lipid induction condition for each strain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1218-1225
Number of pages8
JournalAnalyst
Volume141
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 21

Fingerprint

Microfluidics
Lipids
lipid
Productivity
Cell growth
Lab-On-A-Chip Devices
productivity
Fossil Fuels
Biofuels
sample preparation
Growth
Fossil fuels
Cell culture
biofuel
fossil fuel
Purification
purification
Screening
Cell Culture Techniques
labor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Multiplex microfluidic system integrating sequential operations of microalgal lipid production. / Kwak, Ho Seok; Kim, Jaoon Young Hwan; Na, Sang Cheol; Jeon, Noo Li; Sim, Sang Jun.

In: Analyst, Vol. 141, No. 4, 21.02.2016, p. 1218-1225.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kwak, Ho Seok ; Kim, Jaoon Young Hwan ; Na, Sang Cheol ; Jeon, Noo Li ; Sim, Sang Jun. / Multiplex microfluidic system integrating sequential operations of microalgal lipid production. In: Analyst. 2016 ; Vol. 141, No. 4. pp. 1218-1225.
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