Multiplexed femtomolar detection of Alzheimer's disease biomarkers in biofluids using a reduced graphene oxide field-effect transistor

Dongsung Park, Jae Hyun Kim, Hye Jin Kim, Dongtak Lee, David S. Lee, Dae Sung Yoon, Kyo Seon Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that accounts for 70% of all dementia. Early stage diagnosis of AD is essential as there is no certain treatment after the lesion has progressed in the late stage. Nevertheless, there are still limitations of early diagnosis of AD using neuroimaging and psychological memory assessments. Here, we demonstrate ultrasensitive and multiplexed detection of pivotal AD biomarkers (Aβ1-42 and t-Tau) in biofluids using a reduced graphene oxide field-effect transistor (gFET). The proposed approach provides a wide logarithmically linear range of detection from 10−1–105 pg mL−1 and a femtomolar-level limit of detection in biofluids (human plasma and artificial cerebrospinal fluid) as well as phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). Furthermore, as these core biomarkers have different surface charges in physiological conditions based on the isoelectric point (pI), we achieved a distinctive output signal for each biomarker. The gFET biosensor platform presented in this paper has great potential and can be used for early diagnosis of AD in clinical practice as well as accurate analysis based on the surface charge of the analytes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112505
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume167
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid-β
  • Multiplexed detection
  • Reduced graphene oxide field-effect transistor
  • Tau protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry

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