Muscle Strength Training Alters Muscle Activation of the Lower Extremity during Side-Step Cutting in Females

Jiyoung Jeong, Dai Hyuk Choi, Yongnam Song, Choongsoo S. Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of muscle strength training on knee kinematics/kinetics and muscle activation patterns during anticipated side-step cutting. Three-dimensional knee kinematics/kinetics data and muscle activation of selected lower extremity muscles were measured while performing cutting before and after completing 10-week circuit strength training mixed typical resistance training and power training (intervention) or no training (control) from 25 female subjects. The muscle strength of quadriceps and hamstrings were measured before and after training using isokinetic dynamometer. No statistically significant differences were observed in quadriceps and hamstrings muscle strength, all kinematic/kinetic variables, and muscle activation for the control group. Both quadriceps (p = 0.005) and hamstrings (p = 0.030) muscle strength were increased after training. An increased biceps femoris (p = 0.003) and H:Q ratio of activation (p = 0.016), as well as decreased gastrocnemius muscle activation (p = 0.012) during pre-activation phase in intervention group were found. No significant differences were found in knee kinematics and kinetics both at the time frame of the initial contact and the peak tibial anterior shear force after training. In conclusion, muscle strength training altered some muscle activations of lower extremity muscles, which might affect the risk of ACL injury, but it did not change the kinematic/kinetic parameters.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Motor Behavior
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • anterior cruciate ligament
  • electromyography
  • kinematics
  • kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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