Mutation in genes encoding key functional groups additively increase mortality in patients with brafv600e-mutant advanced papillary thyroid carcinoma

Eyun Song, Meihua Jin, Ahreum Jang, Min Ji Jeon, Dong Eun Song, Hye Jin Yoo, Won Bae Kim, Young Kee Shong, Won Gu Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The prognosis of BRAFV600E-mutant papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) ranges from indo-lent to highly aggressive courses. To better define the genetic diversity of this subtype, we evaluated the survival according to the presence of an additional mutation in genes encoding functional groups (FGs) in BRAFV600E-mutant advanced PTC patients. Targeted next-generation sequencing was per-formed in primary tumors of 50 BRAFV600E-mutant PTCs with distant metastasis or aggressive variants. The mutation in genes encoding FGs included alterations in histone methyltransferases, SWI/SNF subunit, and the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). Fifteen patients only had the BRAFV600E-mutation (group 1), 22 had BRAFV600E and mutation other than FGs (group 2), and 13 had BRAFV600E and FG mutation (group 3). OS was significantly lower in patients with FG mutations (p = 0.001) than those without, and group 3 patients had the worst survival (p = 0.004). OS significantly varied among none, one, or two FG mutation sites (p = 0.005). Presence of FG mutation was independently associated with increased mortality (hazard ratio 11.65, 95% confidence interval 1.39–97.58, p = 0.024). Coexistence of mutations in BRAFV600E and genes encoding FGs was associated with high mortality. Identification of FG mutation in BRAFV600E-mutant PTCs may be valuable in risk stratifying this subtype.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5846
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 1


  • BRAF
  • Functional groups
  • Genetic mutation
  • Papillary thyroid carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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