Background: The purpose of the study was to prospectively evaluate the protective effect of nicorandil during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with unstable angina (UAP). Methods and Results: Two hundred patients (61±10 year-old, male 143) diagnosed with UAP at an emergency medical center were randomly assigned to 2 groups: intravenous isosorbide dinitrate, Group I (n=100), or intravenous nicorandil, Group II (n=100). PCI was performed 12-48h after infusion of each agent. Serum concentrations of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), cardiac troponin T (cTnT), and I (cTnI) were measured before and 6, 12, 24h after PCI. Patients with non-coronary chest pain, requiring emergency coronary angiogram, temporary pacemaker or glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor blocker were excluded. PCI was successfully performed in 96 patients (Group I=54, 61.7±8.2 years, 32 males; Group 11=42, 60.4±11.7 years, 27 males). No significant differences in clinical or coronary angiographic characteristics were observed between the 2 groups. The concentration of CK-MB was elevated in 9 patients (17%) of Group I and 6 (14%) of Group II, cTnT in 16 (30%), 6 (14%) and cTnI in 25 (46%), 9 (21%) after PCI. Elevation of any troponin was less frequent in Group II [28/54 (52%) vs 10/42 (24%) patients, p=0.01]. Major adverse coronary events during the 6-month clinical follow-up occurred in 9 (17%) of Group I and 5 patients of Group II (12%, p=NS). Follow-up echocardiography revealed lower left ventricular ejection fraction in Group I than in Group II (65.4±7.2% vs 71.0±6.7%, p=0.03). Conclusion: Nicorandil has a myocardial protective effect during PCI in patients with UAP.
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
- Unstable angina
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine