N-type conjugated polymer as efficient electron transport layer for planar inverted perovskite solar cells with power conversion efficiency of 20.86%

Wei Chen, Yongqiang Shi, Yang Wang, Xiyuan Feng, Aleksandra B. Djurišić, Han Young Woo, Xugang Guo, Zhubing He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fullerene and its derivatives are commonly used as electron transport layers (ETLs) in inverted perovskite solar cells (PSCs), since they show suitable band alignment and good electron mobility. However, fullerene-based ETLs typically result in low open-circuit voltages due to the interfacial defects, and they also exhibit poor photochemical and thermal stability. Consequently, there is great interest in the development of novel ETLs for high-performance inverted PSCs. In this work, two n-type polymers PBTI and PDTzTI are utilized as ETL in inverted PSCs, which are based on bithiophene imide and thienylthiazole imide, respectively. Due to its high electron mobility, well matched energy level alignment together with the passivation of interfacial traps/defects, device with the PDTzTI ETL demonstrates a best power conversion efficiency of 20.86%, which outperform those with PBTI and PCBM ETLs. Owning to the highly hydrophobic properties as well as the mobile ion blocking capability of polymer, PDTzTI ETL based device also exhibits excellent long-term and operational device stability as compared with the PCBM one. Our results demonstrate that rational selection of ETLs has great impact on the device efficiency and stability in inverted planar PSCs and that novel n-type polymer might be ideal alternative ETL in inverted planar PSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104363
JournalNano Energy
Volume68
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb

Fingerprint

Conjugated polymers
Conversion efficiency
Imides
Fullerenes
Polymers
Electron mobility
Electron Transport
Perovskite solar cells
Defects
Open circuit voltage
Passivation
Electron energy levels
Thermodynamic stability
Ions
Derivatives

Keywords

  • Electron transport materials
  • Inverted perovskite solar cell
  • Long-term stability
  • N-type conjugated polymer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

N-type conjugated polymer as efficient electron transport layer for planar inverted perovskite solar cells with power conversion efficiency of 20.86%. / Chen, Wei; Shi, Yongqiang; Wang, Yang; Feng, Xiyuan; Djurišić, Aleksandra B.; Woo, Han Young; Guo, Xugang; He, Zhubing.

In: Nano Energy, Vol. 68, 104363, 02.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, Wei ; Shi, Yongqiang ; Wang, Yang ; Feng, Xiyuan ; Djurišić, Aleksandra B. ; Woo, Han Young ; Guo, Xugang ; He, Zhubing. / N-type conjugated polymer as efficient electron transport layer for planar inverted perovskite solar cells with power conversion efficiency of 20.86%. In: Nano Energy. 2020 ; Vol. 68.
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AU - Shi, Yongqiang

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AU - Feng, Xiyuan

AU - Djurišić, Aleksandra B.

AU - Woo, Han Young

AU - Guo, Xugang

AU - He, Zhubing

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AB - Fullerene and its derivatives are commonly used as electron transport layers (ETLs) in inverted perovskite solar cells (PSCs), since they show suitable band alignment and good electron mobility. However, fullerene-based ETLs typically result in low open-circuit voltages due to the interfacial defects, and they also exhibit poor photochemical and thermal stability. Consequently, there is great interest in the development of novel ETLs for high-performance inverted PSCs. In this work, two n-type polymers PBTI and PDTzTI are utilized as ETL in inverted PSCs, which are based on bithiophene imide and thienylthiazole imide, respectively. Due to its high electron mobility, well matched energy level alignment together with the passivation of interfacial traps/defects, device with the PDTzTI ETL demonstrates a best power conversion efficiency of 20.86%, which outperform those with PBTI and PCBM ETLs. Owning to the highly hydrophobic properties as well as the mobile ion blocking capability of polymer, PDTzTI ETL based device also exhibits excellent long-term and operational device stability as compared with the PCBM one. Our results demonstrate that rational selection of ETLs has great impact on the device efficiency and stability in inverted planar PSCs and that novel n-type polymer might be ideal alternative ETL in inverted planar PSCs.

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