Nano-encapsulated solvent via pickering emulsion in NaOH aqueous solution for indoor CO2 capture

Seonggon Kim, Minjae Kim, Ronghuan Xu, Jong Ha Park, Jae Won Lee, Yong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Considering the limitations of indoor ventilation owing to air pollution, CO2 concentration rises rapidly to 3000 ppm, which is a level that can affect human health. It is essential to develop materials to reduce naturally occurring CO2 in the buildings. Herein, a nano-encapsulated solvent (NES) via Pickering emulsion is proposed for indoor CO2 capture. NaOH aqueous solution is wrapped with hydrophobic surface-functionalized SiO2 (HS-SiO2) nanoparticles, and the corrosiveness of NaOH is not caused by HS-SiO2 wall. CO2 capture capacity of NES-NaOH is evaluated as 7.57 mmol-CO2/g-solvent which is the highest compared to other solvents including metal-organic frameworks (MOFs); it exhibits excellent structural stability in terms of temperature, time, moisture, and CO2 reaction. NES-NaOH presents high selectivity toward CO2 molecules due to the characteristics of NaOH with high gas permeability of macroporous silica wall and it is dispersed in a silicone oil harmless to human body. It is concluded that NES-NaOH can be successfully applied to air purifier filter to control the CO2 concentration in buildings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101637
JournalJournal of CO2 Utilization
Volume51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep

Keywords

  • CO capture filter
  • Indoor CO capture
  • Nano-encapsulated solvent
  • NaOH aqueous solution
  • Pickering emulsion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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