Nano-glass frit for inkjet printed front side metallization of silicon solar cells prepared by sol-gel process

Seong Gu Kang, Chang Wan Lee, Yoon Jang Chung, Chang Gyoun Kim, Seongtak Kim, Donghwan Kim, Cheol Jin Kim, Young Kuk Lee

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Sol-gel derived nano-sized glass frits were incorporated into the Ag conductive ink for silicon solar cell metallization. This mixture was specifically formulated for inkjet printing on textured Si wafers with 80 nm thick SiN<inf>x</inf> anti reflection coating layers. The correlation between the contact resistance and interface microstructures were studied using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. In addition, the specific contact resistance between the front contact and emitter was measured at various firing conditions using the transfer length model. On an emitter with the sheet resistance of 60 Ω/sq, a specific contact resistance below 5 mΩ cm<sup>2</sup> could be achieved at a peak firing temperature around 800 °C. We found that the incorporated nano-glass frit act as a very effective fire through agent, and an abundant amount of Ag crystallites was observed along the interface glass layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-296
Number of pages4
JournalPhysica Status Solidi - Rapid Research Letters
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 1



  • Glass frit
  • Inkjet printing
  • Metallization
  • Nanostructures
  • Silicon
  • Solar cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Science(all)

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