Nano-sized MgO particles ranging from 13 to 28 nm synthesized by spray pyrolysis

Jin Man Han, Dae Soo Jung, Sang Ho Lee, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nano-sized MgO particles with well-crystallized structures were prepared by spray pyrolysis from spray solutions with citric acid. The optimum concentration of citric acid to prepare micrometre-sized MgO precursor particles in the spray pyrolysis was 0.4 M. The addition of citric acid to the spray solution affected the thermal properties and morphologies of the precursor particles. The micrometre-sized precursor particles with hollow and porous structures obtained by spray pyrolysis turned to nano-sized MgO particles after post-treatment. The post-treated MgO particles had aggregation-free nanometre sizes after simple milling by hand using an agate mortar. The mean sizes of the MgO particles measured from high magnification TEM photographs at post-treatment temperatures of 500 and 900°C were 13 and 28 nm. The addition of citric acid to the spray solutions decreased the mean sizes of the primary particles at the same post-treatment temperatures. The mean crystallite sizes of the post-treated particles obtained from the spray solution with citric acid at post-treatment temperatures of 500 and 900°C were 9 and 22 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-145
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Ceramic Processing Research
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun 11
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Spray pyrolysis
Citric acid
Citric Acid
Crystallite size
Mortar
Temperature
Thermodynamic properties
Agglomeration
Transmission electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Magnesium oxide
  • Nano particle
  • Spray pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Nano-sized MgO particles ranging from 13 to 28 nm synthesized by spray pyrolysis. / Han, Jin Man; Jung, Dae Soo; Lee, Sang Ho; Kang, Yun Chan.

In: Journal of Ceramic Processing Research, Vol. 9, No. 2, 11.06.2008, p. 140-145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Nano-sized MgO particles with well-crystallized structures were prepared by spray pyrolysis from spray solutions with citric acid. The optimum concentration of citric acid to prepare micrometre-sized MgO precursor particles in the spray pyrolysis was 0.4 M. The addition of citric acid to the spray solution affected the thermal properties and morphologies of the precursor particles. The micrometre-sized precursor particles with hollow and porous structures obtained by spray pyrolysis turned to nano-sized MgO particles after post-treatment. The post-treated MgO particles had aggregation-free nanometre sizes after simple milling by hand using an agate mortar. The mean sizes of the MgO particles measured from high magnification TEM photographs at post-treatment temperatures of 500 and 900°C were 13 and 28 nm. The addition of citric acid to the spray solutions decreased the mean sizes of the primary particles at the same post-treatment temperatures. The mean crystallite sizes of the post-treated particles obtained from the spray solution with citric acid at post-treatment temperatures of 500 and 900°C were 9 and 22 nm.

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