Nanosecond-pulsed discharge plasma splitting of carbon dioxide

Moon Soo Bak, Seong Kyun Im, Mark Cappelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports on the study of repetitive nanosecond-pulsed discharge splitting of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) for the production of CO. Gas chromatography is used to analyze the composition of the reformed gas when CO 2 is exposed to high-voltage (15 kV) very short (10 ns) electrical discharges that deposit as much as 0.4 mJ of energy at a rate of 30 kHz. Conversion rate and energy efficiency are obtained while the discharge pressure is varied between 2.4 and 5.1 atm. At the tested conditions, the maximum conversion rate and energy efficiency are found to be 7.3% and 11.5%, respectively. The energy efficiency drops slightly with increased pressure because of the decreased electric field and electron energy per molecule. An energy balance analysis of a set of CO 2 plasma reactions reveals that the dominant dissociation pathway under these conditions passes through the excitation of CO 2 (10.5 eV) followed by autodissociation into CO and O, which are often in excited states.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7057653
Pages (from-to)1002-1007
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

plasma jets
carbon dioxide
energy
gas chromatography
excitation
high voltages
deposits
dissociation
electron energy
electric fields
gases
molecules

Keywords

  • Plasma applications.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Nanosecond-pulsed discharge plasma splitting of carbon dioxide. / Bak, Moon Soo; Im, Seong Kyun; Cappelli, Mark.

In: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 43, No. 4, 7057653, 01.04.2015, p. 1002-1007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bak, Moon Soo ; Im, Seong Kyun ; Cappelli, Mark. / Nanosecond-pulsed discharge plasma splitting of carbon dioxide. In: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. 2015 ; Vol. 43, No. 4. pp. 1002-1007.
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