Nanostructures inside colloidal particles of block copolymer/homopolymer blends

Seog Jin Jeon, Gi Ra Yi, Chong Min Koo, Seung Man Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

103 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Colloidal spheres with unique internal morphologies were prepared by blending symmetrical poly(styrene)-block-poly(butadiene) (PS-b-PB) and polystyrene homopolymer (hPS) in emulsion droplets and carrying out subsequent solvent evaporation. We found various unprecedented microphases in these spherically confining geometries that depend on the ratio (r) of the molecular weight of hPS relative to that of the PS block of PS-b-PB and the ratio of the diameter (D) of the emulsion drop to the feature spacing (L0) of the phase-separated periodic domains. In particular, the effect of spherical confining geometry was pronounced for D/L0 < 15, in which directionally oriented structures such as helices and hoops were observed. For r < 1, the PB domains exhibit transitions between morphological microphases of lamellae, perforated lamellae, cylinders, and spheres, in that order, as the weight fraction of hPS (ø) is increased. The lamellae or perforated lamellae are ordered in concentric shells. Interestingly, cylindrical domains of PB blocks consisting of circular helices or stacked hoops were observed for 0.38 ≤ ≤ ≤ 0.54, in which the particle shape is slightly deformed from spherical to accommodate the ordered regular packing of the hoops and helices. For r ∼ 2, concentric spherical lamellae are produced for ø up to 0.30, above which macrophase separation occurs and the spherical lamellae are either nonconcentric or deformed into a domelike structure. For r ∼ 4, an onion-like structure is present for the entire range of 0, with a lamellar spacing that is nearly independent of ø due to macrophase separation. In particular, for r ∼ 1, spherical lamellar morphology is present up to ø = 0.30, and complex anomalous structures such as multiply jointed hoops are present for ø ≥ 0.32 because of the combined effects of micro- and macrophase separations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8430-8439
Number of pages10
JournalMacromolecules
Volume40
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Nov 13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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