Na+/Ca2+ exchanger 2 is neuroprotective by exporting Ca2+ during a transient focal cerebral ischemia in the mouse

Daejong Jeon, Kon Chu, Keun Hwa Jung, Manho Kim, Byung Woo Yoon, C. Justin Lee, Uhtaek Oh, Hee Sup Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX), by mediating Na+ and Ca2+ fluxes bi-directionally, assumes a role in controlling the Ca2+ homeostasis in the ischemic brain. It has been suggested that the three isoforms of NCX (NCX1, 2 and 3) may be differentially involved in permanent cerebral ischemia. However, the role of NCX2 has not been defined in ischemic reperfusion injury after a transient focal cerebral ischemia. Furthermore, it is not known whether NCX2 imports or exports intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) following ischemia and reperfusion. To define the role of NCX2 in ischemia and reperfusion, we examined mice lacking NCX2, in vivo and in vitro. After an in vitro ischemia, a significantly slower recovery in population spike amplitudes, a sustained elevation of [Ca2+]i and an increased membrane depolarization were developed in the NCX2-deficient hippocampus. Moreover, a transient focal cerebral ischemia in vivo produced a larger infarction and more cell death in the NCX2-deficient mouse brain. In particular, in the wild type brain, NCX2-expressing neurons were largely spared from cell death after ischemia. Our results suggest that NCX2 exports Ca2+ in ischemia and thus protects neuronal cells from death by reducing [Ca2+]i in the adult mouse brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-491
Number of pages10
JournalCell Calcium
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 May

Keywords

  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Membrane depolarization
  • NCX2-deficient mice
  • Na/Ca exchanger
  • Population spike
  • [Ca]

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Jeon, D., Chu, K., Jung, K. H., Kim, M., Yoon, B. W., Lee, C. J., Oh, U., & Shin, H. S. (2008). Na+/Ca2+ exchanger 2 is neuroprotective by exporting Ca2+ during a transient focal cerebral ischemia in the mouse. Cell Calcium, 43(5), 482-491. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceca.2007.08.003